1. Leptocladium sinense Broth. 薄羽藓 bo yu xian
Symb. Sin. 4: 97. 1929. Type: China. NW Yunnan, Lu-djiang (Salwin), 3,800–4,050 m, 4 July, 1916, Handel-Mazzetti 9324 (isotype S).
Plants small, stiff, yellowish green, somewhat glossy, in loose mats. Stems slender, prostrate, sparsely, irregularly branched, somewhat julaceous; stem elliptical in cross section; epidermal cells small, thick-walled; central strand absent; pseudoparaphyllia foliose, often lobed. Stem leaves ovate, ca. 0.5 mm long, somewhat concave, shortly acuminate at apex, rarely decurrent at base; margins plane, entire at base, weakly serrulate above; costae short, indistinct; median leaf cells elongate, vermicular, 25–40 µm × ca. 5 μm, slightly prorate; alar cells shortly rectangular to quadrate, in distinct or diffusely demarcated groups. Autoicous. Inner perichaetial leaves ca. 0.5 mm long, elliptical; costae absent. Setae slender, ca. 10 mm long, reddish brown; capsules ellipsoidal, ca. 0.5 mm long, arcuate, nearly horizontal to cernuous; opercula conic, bluntly apiculate; exostome teeth broadly lanceolate, cross-striolate at base. Spores not seen.