Ecology. Open Yungas montane; on wet boggy soil and along stream banks. Elevation. 2625 m. Distribution. Bolivia: Santa Cruz. World range: eastern North America (Atlantic and Gulf region), tropical Andes, southeast Brazil.
This species is sometimes recognized as a variety of Sphagnum capillifolium. Assigned to section Acutifolia.
Specimens. Santa Cruz: Nee 50637 (MO, NY).