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Published In: Supplementum Plantarum 52–53, 316–317. 1781[1782]. (Apr 1782) (Suppl. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/3/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2009)

 

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DALBERGIA L. f.

Por Velva E. Rudd (ammended by A. Pool, April 2010)

Arboles, arbustos, o bejucos. Hojas imparipinnadas; folíolos 1–muchos, alternos, estipelas ausentes; estípulas persistentes o caducas. Racimos, panículas o cimas, terminales, axilares o laterales, brácteas subpersistentes, bractéolas pequeñas apareadas en la base del cáliz, a menudo caducas; cáliz campanulado, lobos 5, subiguales o desiguales, el carinal más largo que los demás; pétalos glabros, blancos a amarillo-anaranjados o purpúreos; estambres 10, monadelfos, diadelfos o triadelfos o el estambre vexilar ausente, anteras pequeñas, dídimas, basifijas, con dehiscencia apical. Frutos elípticos, oblongos, orbiculares, falcado-reniformes o lunulares, generalmente comprimidos, indehiscentes; semillas 1–4 (–6), reniformes, cafés.

Género con ca 100 especies de América tropical y subtropical, Asia y Africa; 12 especies en Nicaragua. La madera de algunas especies es comercialmente importante.

H. Pittier. On the species of Dalbergia of Mexico and Central America. J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 12: 54–64. 1922; J. Linares y M. Sousa S. Nuevas especies de Dalbergia (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae: Dalbergieae) en México y Centroamérica. Ceiba 48: 61--82. 2007 (2008).

 

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1. Folíolo 1

2. Frutos elípticos a oblongos, semillas 1–4; cáliz con lobos desiguales, el carinal linear-atenuado, ca 2 mm de largo, los vexilares más anchos, agudos a redondeados, 1.5 mm de largo, los laterales agudos, 1 mm de largo; pecíolos 10–15 mm de largo ... D. brownei

2. Frutos orbiculares a subreniformes, semilla 1; cáliz con lobos subiguales

3. Flores 8–9 mm de largo; cáliz 3–3.5 mm de largo; frutos suborbiculares a subreniformes con estípite 3 mm de largo; folíolos agudos hacia el ápice, a menudo discoloros; pecíolos ca 5 mm de largo ... D. ecastaphyllum

3. Flores 5–6 mm de largo; cáliz 2–3 mm de largo; frutos orbiculares a suborbiculares con estípite ca 5 mm de largo; folíolos acuminados hacia el ápice; pecíolos 10–20 mm de largo ... D. monetaria

1. Folíolos más de 1

4. Frutos orbiculares a suborbiculares, semilla 1; folíolos (1–) 3–5 (–6) ... D. monetaria

4. Frutos oblongos a elípticos, semillas 1–5; folíolos 3–18

5. Flores 12–20 mm de largo, cáliz 4–11 mm de largo

6. Cáliz (6–) 7–10 (–11) mm de largo, angostamente alargado en la base; estípite del fruto 10–20 mm de largo ... D. calycina

6. Cáliz 4–8 mm de largo, redondeado en la base pero no alargado; estípite del fruto 5–12 mm de largo ... D. retusa var. retusa

5. Flores hasta 11 mm de largo, cáliz 2–5 (6) mm de largo

7. Folíolos elípticos a oblongos or obovate, secondary veins difficult to distinguish from reticulate tertiary veins on abaxial surface of dried leaflets, apex redondeados, ultimately retuse or emarginados and apiculate; lianas, shrubs or trees 

8. Flores 8--9.5 mm de largo, cáliz 3.5--6 mm de largo; frutos 1.5–2 cm de ancho, without conspicuous swelling at seeds, if more than one seed conspicuously constricted between seeds... D. chontalensis

8. Flores 4--5.5 (6)  mm de largo, cáliz 2--2.5 mm de largo; frutos 0.9-1.4  cm de ancho; with conspicuous swelling at seeds, not conspicuously constricted between seeds ... D. glabra 

7. Folíolos ovados a ovado-oblongos, elípticos, oblongo, o suborbiculares, secondary veins easily distinguished from reticulate tertiary veins on abaxial surface of dried leaflets, apex acuminate, agudos u obtusos (sometimes ultimately apiculate); trees

9. Ovary nearly glabrous, sparsely ciliate on both margins, mature fruit glabrous

10. Leaflets 4—7.5 cm long and 2-3.5 cm wide, envez of leaflets and inflorescence peduncles and branches short pilose to tomentose with tangled hairs… D. cubilquitzensis

10. Leaflets 2.3-4 (-7.5) cm long and 1.2-2 (-2.9) cm wide, envez of leaflets and inflorescence peduncles and branches sericeous with minute, straight tightly appressed hairs … D. ruddiae

9. Ovary densely sericeous over whole suface or thickly villose on margins with some hairs extending on to flat surfaces, mature fruit with minute, fine, appressed hairs

11. Leaflets often appearing nearly glabrous, with minute straight, appressed hairs, with (11) 12—14 pairs of secondary veins, coriaceous to subcoriaceous; calices sericeous with straight, appressed hairs … D. tucurensis

11. Leaflets tomentose with tangled hairs, with 7-9 pairs of secondary veins, chartaceous; calices tomentose, with tangled hairs

12. Distal lateral leaflets of leaves narrowly oblong, 0.3-1cm wide; fruit not known … D. agudeloi

12. Distal lateral leaflets of leaves elliptic or ovate to lanceolate, 1.5-3 cm wide; fruit relatively thick and woody … D. melanocardium

 
 
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