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Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical Garden Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Publicado en: Bulletino dell' Orto Botanico della Regia Università de Napoli 3: 418. 1913. (Bull. Orto Bot. Regia Univ. Napoli) Name publication detail
 

Datos del Proyecto Nombre (Last Modified On 7/21/2009)
 

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1. Alliaria petiolata (Bieberstein) Cavara & Grande, Bull. Orto Bot. Regia Univ. Napoli 3: 418. 1913; Arabis petiolata Bieberstein, Fl. Taur.-Cauc. 2: 126. 1808. TYPE: “Hab. in Iberia,” D. Steuen s.n. (holotype, LE).

Erysimum alliaria Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 660. 1753; Sisymbrium alliaria (Linnaeus) Scopoli, Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 2: 26. 1772; Alliaria officinalis Andrzejowski ex Bieberstein, Fl. Taur.-Cauc. 3: 445. 1819; A. alliaria (Linnaeus) Huth, Helios 11: 132. 1893. TYPE: “Habitat in Europae sepibus, cutis umbrosis.” (lectotype designated by Hedge (Taxon 51: 533. 2002), BM; see http//www.nhm.ac.uk/botany/databases/clifford/).

Sisymbrium alliaceum Salisbury, Prodr. 270. 1796; Alliaria alliacea (Salisbury) Britten ex Rendle, List Brit. Seed Pl. Ferns 3. 1907. nom. illeg.

     Herbs biennial, with garlicy smell when crushed. Stems erect, (15-)30-90(-130) cm tall, simple or branched above, glabrous or pilsoe basally with trichomes to 1.5 mm. Basal leaves rosulate, withered by fruiting; petiole 3-10(-16) cm; leaf blade reniform to cordate, (0.6-)1.5-5(-7) cm wide, shorter in length, base cordate, margin crenate to dentate, glabrous or pilose. Cauline leaves with much shorter petioles, ovate, cordate, deltoid, to 15 ´ 15 cm, base cordate to truncate, margin acutely to obtusely toothed, apex acute. Racemes ebracteate or rarely lowermost flowers bracteate. Sepals oblong, (2-)2.5-3.5(-4.5) ´ 0.7-1.5 mm. Petals white, oblanceolate, (2.5-)4-8(-9) ´ (1.5-)2-3(-3.5) mm, attenuate to clawlike base. Filaments 2-3.5(-4.5) mm; anthers oblong, 0.7-1 mm. Fruiting pedicels divaricate to ascending, (2-)3-10(-15) mm, nearly as thick as fruit. Fruits linear, (2-)3-7(-8) cm ´ 1.2-2.5 mm, subtorulose, quadrangular to subterete, divaricate-ascending; valves glabrous, with a prominent midvein and 2 conspicuous lateral veins. Style (0.2-)1-2(-3) mm. Seeds brown to black, narrowly oblong, 2-4.5 ´ 0.7-2 mm, longitudinally striate. 2n = 42.

Flowering: Mar-Jun.

Habitat: waste places, roadsides, fields, woodlands, riversbanks.

Distribution: native of Europe and W Asia; introduced and naturalized in North America.

 

 


 

 
 
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