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Literature Based Distribution
Mapping will be based on a standard reference mark based on political units when available.
  • Mesoamerica
    • Belize : Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D.E. Atha. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85: i–ix, 1–246.
  • North America
    • Canada : Gleason, H. A. 1968. The Choripetalous Dicotyledoneae. vol. 2. 655 pp. In H. A. Gleason Ill. Fl. N. U.S. New York Botanical Garden, New York.
  • Asia
    • China : Fryxell, P. A. 1988. Malvaceae of Mexico. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 25: 1–522.
  • South America
    • Ecuador : Fryxell, P. A. 1992. 118. Malvaceae. 44: 1–141. In G. W. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.) Fl. Ecuador. University of Göteborg, Göteborg.
  • Africa & Madagascar
    • Gabon : ORSTOM. 1988. List Vasc. Pl. Gabon Herbier National du Gabon, Yaounde.
  • Mesoamerica
    • Honduras : Molina Rosito, A. 1975. Enumeración de las plantas de Honduras. Ceiba 19(1): 1–118.
    • Mexico : Fryxell, P. A. 1992. Malvaceae. Fl. Veracruz 68: 1–255.
  • North America
    • United States : Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
    • United States : Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.
    • United States : Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
    • United States : Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Man. Vasc. Pl. Texas i–xv, 1–1881. The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.
    • United States : Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
    • United States : Gleason, H. A. 1968. The Choripetalous Dicotyledoneae. vol. 2. 655 pp. In H. A. Gleason Ill. Fl. N. U.S. New York Botanical Garden, New York.
    • United States : Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1949. Malvaceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - P art VI. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(6): 324–386.
  • South America
    • Bolivia Beni: Jørgensen, P. M., M. H. Nee & S. G. Beck. (eds.) 2014. Cat. Pl. Vasc. Bolivia, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 127(1–2): i–viii, 1–1744. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Bolivia Beni: Jørgensen, P. M., M. H. Nee & S. G. Beck. (eds.) 2015 en adelante. Catalogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia (adiciones).
  • Asia
    • China Anhui: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Fujian: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Guangdong: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Guangxi: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Guizhou: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Hainan: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Hebei: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Henan: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Hubei: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Hunan: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Jiangsu: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Jiangxi: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Shaanxi: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Shandong: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Sichuan: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Xizang Zizhiqu: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Yunnan: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Zhejiang: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
  • South America
    • Ecuador Pichincha: Fryxell, P. A. 1992. 118. Malvaceae. 44: 1–141. In G. W. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.) Fl. Ecuador. University of Göteborg, Göteborg.
    • Ecuador Pichincha: Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181.
    • Ecuador Pichincha: Jørgensen, P. M. & C. Ulloa Ulloa. 1994. Seed plants of the high Andes of Ecuador—A checklist. AAU Rep. 34: 1–443.
    • Ecuador Tungurahua: Fryxell, P. A. 1992. 118. Malvaceae. 44: 1–141. In G. W. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.) Fl. Ecuador. University of Göteborg, Göteborg.
    • Ecuador Tungurahua: Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181.
  • Mesoamerica
    • Mexico Chiapas: Fryxell, P. A. 1988. Malvaceae of Mexico. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 25: 1–522.
    • Mexico Chiapas: McVaugh, R. 2001. Ochnaceae to Loasaceae. 3: 9–751. In R. McVaugh (ed.) Fl. Novo-Galiciana. The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
    • Mexico Jalisco: Fryxell, P. A. 1988. Malvaceae of Mexico. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 25: 1–522.
    • Mexico Jalisco: McVaugh, R. 2001. Ochnaceae to Loasaceae. 3: 9–751. In R. McVaugh (ed.) Fl. Novo-Galiciana. The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
    • Mexico Morelos: Fryxell, P. A. 1988. Malvaceae of Mexico. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 25: 1–522.
    • Mexico Morelos: McVaugh, R. 2001. Ochnaceae to Loasaceae. 3: 9–751. In R. McVaugh (ed.) Fl. Novo-Galiciana. The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
    • Mexico Nuevo León: Fryxell, P. A. 1988. Malvaceae of Mexico. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 25: 1–522.
    • Mexico Oaxaca: García-Mendoza, A. J. & J. A. Meave. 2011. Divers. Florist. Oaxaca 1–351. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria.
    • Mexico Veracruz: Fryxell, P. A. 1988. Malvaceae of Mexico. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 25: 1–522.
    • Mexico Veracruz: McVaugh, R. 2001. Ochnaceae to Loasaceae. 3: 9–751. In R. McVaugh (ed.) Fl. Novo-Galiciana. The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
  • North America
    • United States Connecticut: Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
    • United States Connecticut: Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
    • United States Florida: Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
    • United States Florida: Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
    • United States Georgia: Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
    • United States Missouri: Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
    • United States North Carolina: Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
    • United States New York: Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
    • United States Ohio: Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
    • United States South Carolina: Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
    • United States Texas: Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
    • United States Texas: Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Man. Vasc. Pl. Texas i–xv, 1–1881. The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.
    • United States Texas: Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
    • United States Virginia: Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
    • United States West Virginia: Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
  • Asia
    • China Taiwan: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
 
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