Decrease font Increase font Restore font Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench
Details
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Group: Dicot Rank: species Herbarium Placement: Monsanto, 2nd, A, 175

Authors: Published In: Methodus Plantas Horti Botanici et Agri Marburgensis : a staminum situ describendi 2: 617. 1794. (Methodus) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
Basionym:
Hibiscus esculentus L. 
Higher Taxa:     Taxonomy Browser
Concept:    details Projects: Antioquia , Bolivia , China , Flora of Panama , IPCN , Madagascar , Mesoamericana , Nicaragua , Pakistan , Panama , Peru

Common Names:
  • Chimbinvoy
    • No References available
  • gumbo (English, United States)
  • ka fei huang kui
    • No References available
  • lady's-finger (English, United States)
  • okra (English, United States)
Keywords: FCC, FNA, FZ, venck, FWT
Images:

Abelmoschus esculentus


Synonyms
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  • Hibiscus esculentus L.
    • Reference article Stevens, W. D., C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool & O. M. Montiel. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85: i–xlii,.
    • Reference article Fryxell, P. A. 1992. Malvaceae. Fl. Veracruz 68: 1–255.
    • Reference article Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. (eds.) 1993. Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45: i–xl, 1–1286.
    • Reference article Fryxell, P. A. 1990. Malvaceae. 3: 1–90. In D.E. Breedlove (ed.) Fl. Chiapas. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco.
    • Reference article Schatz, G. E., S. Andriambololonera, Andrianarivelo, M. W. Callmander, Faranirina, P. P. Lowry, P. B. Phillipson, Rabarimanarivo, J. I. Raharilala, Rajaonary, Rakotonirina, R. H. Ramananjanahary, B. Ramandimbisoa, A. Randrianasolo, N. Ravololomanana, Z.S. Rogers, C.M. Taylor & G. A. Wahlert. 2011. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Madagascar. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 0(0): 0–0.
    • Reference article Fryxell, P. A. 1988. Malvaceae of Mexico. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 25: 1–522.
    • Reference article Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • Reference article CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
    • Reference article D'Arcy, W.G. 1987. Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Part 1: The introduction and checklist. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 17: v–xxx, 1–328.
    • Reference article Jørgensen, P. M., M. H. Nee & S. G. Beck. (eds.) 2014. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 127(1–2): 1???.
    • Reference article Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali (eds). 1980-2005. Fl. Pakistan Univ. of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Hibiscus longifolius Willd.
    • Reference article Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
Accepted Names
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  • Hibiscus esculentus L.
    • Reference article Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1949. Malvaceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - P art VI. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(6): 324–386.
References
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Accepted By:
  • Reference article AFPD. 2008. African Flowering Plants Database - Base de Donnees des Plantes a Fleurs D'Afrique.
  • Reference article CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
  • Reference article Correa A., M.D., C. Galdames & M. Stapf. 2004. Cat. Pl. Vasc. Panamá 1–599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panamá.
  • Reference article Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
  • Reference article Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. (eds.) 2011. Fl. Antioquia: Cat. 2: 9–939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Reference article Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali (eds). 1980-2005. Fl. Pakistan Univ. of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Reference article Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1949. Malvaceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - P art VI. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(6): 324–386.
Homonyms
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Subordinate Taxa
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Specimens
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Specimen coordinates enclosed in square brackets [ ] have been approximated based on political units.
Literature Based Distribution
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Mapping will be based on a standard reference mark based on political units when available.
  • Asia
    • India : Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Hubei: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Hunan: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
  • North America
    • United States Texas: Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
    • United States Michigan: Voss, E. G. 1985. Michigan Flora. Part II Dicots (Saururaceae-Cornaceae). Bull. Cranbrook Inst. Sci. 59. xix + 724.
    • United States Florida: Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
    • United States Florida: Long, R. W. & O. K. Lakela. 1971. Fl. Trop. Florida i–xvii, 1–962. University of Miami Press, Coral Cables.
  • Mesoamerica
    • Panama Panamá: Correa A., M.D., C. Galdames & M. Stapf. 2004. Cat. Pl. Vasc. Panamá 1–599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panamá.
    • Panama Canal Area: Correa A., M.D., C. Galdames & M. Stapf. 2004. Cat. Pl. Vasc. Panamá 1–599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panamá.
    • Mexico Tabasco: Pérez J., L. A., M. Sousa Sánchez, A. M. Hanan-Alipi, F. Chiang Cabrera & P. Tenorio L. 2005. Vegetación terrestre. 65–110. In J. Bueno, F Álvarez & S. Santiago Biodivers. Tabasco. CONABIO-UNAM, México.
    • Mexico Tabasco: Fryxell, P. A. 1988. Malvaceae of Mexico. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 25: 1–522.
    • Mexico Tabasco: Cowan, C. P. 1983. Flora de Tabasco. Listados Floríst. México 1: 1–123.
    • Mexico Oaxaca: García-Mendoza, A. J. & J. Meave del Castillo. 2011. Divers. Florist. Oaxaca 1–351. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria.
    • Mexico Oaxaca: Fryxell, P. A. 1988. Malvaceae of Mexico. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 25: 1–522.
    • Mexico Michoacán: Fryxell, P. A. 1988. Malvaceae of Mexico. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 25: 1–522.
    • Mexico México: Fryxell, P. A. 1988. Malvaceae of Mexico. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 25: 1–522.
    • Mexico Guerrero: Fryxell, P. A. 1988. Malvaceae of Mexico. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 25: 1–522.
    • Mexico Chiapas: Fryxell, P. A. 1990. Malvaceae. 3: 1–90. In D.E. Breedlove (ed.) Fl. Chiapas. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco.
    • Mexico Baja California Sur: Fryxell, P. A. 1988. Malvaceae of Mexico. Syst. Bot. Monogr. 25: 1–522.
  • South America
    • Colombia Antioquia: Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. (eds.) 2011. Fl. Antioquia: Cat. 2: 9–939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Asia
    • China Zhejiang: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Yunnan: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Shandong: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Jiangsu: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Hebei: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Hainan: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Guangdong: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
  • North America
    • United States : Voss, E. G. 1985. Michigan Flora. Part II Dicots (Saururaceae-Cornaceae). Bull. Cranbrook Inst. Sci. 59. xix + 724.
    • United States : Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
    • United States : Long, R. W. & O. K. Lakela. 1971. Fl. Trop. Florida i–xvii, 1–962. University of Miami Press, Coral Cables.
    • United States : Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.
  • Mesoamerica
    • Panama : D'Arcy, W.G. 1987. Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Part 1: The introduction and checklist. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 17: v–xxx, 1–328.
    • Mexico : Fryxell, P. A. 1990. Malvaceae. 3: 1–90. In D.E. Breedlove (ed.) Fl. Chiapas. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco.
    • Mexico : Cowan, C. P. 1983. Flora de Tabasco. Listados Floríst. México 1: 1–123.
    • Belize : Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D.E. Atha. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85: i–ix, 1–246.
 
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