Decrease font Increase font Restore font Bromus diandrus Roth
Details
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Group: Monocot Rank: species Herbarium Placement: Lehmann, lower, A, 19

Authors: Published In: Botanische Abhandlungen und Beobachtungen 44. 1787. (Bot. Abh. Beobacht.) Name publication detail
Type-Protologue
Locality: Hort. Bot. Nurenberg e seminibus inter passulasmajores (raisins) lecta
Distribution: cult.
Note: Roth's specimens at B were destroyed during WW II (1943)
Type Specimens
  • NT: Gr. Bromoides, locustis maximus, lanuginosum, Italicum. Hist. Nat.: 261, no. 444; ; (OXF (Scheuzer Herb.)) NT designated by Sales, Edinb. J. Bot. 50(1): 8 (1993)
Higher Taxa:     Taxonomy Browser
Concept:    details
Combinations for this basionym:
Anisantha diandra (Roth) Tutin
Anisantha diandra (Roth) Tutin ex Tzvelev
Projects: China , Ecuador , IPCN , Mesoamericana , Missouri , New World Grasses

Common Names:
  • rip-gut brome (English, United States)
Keywords: AFRI, AGF, CEC, FCC, FM, FNA, FTEA, HWI, IGS, IPCN
Images:

Koch - 8420 - Mexico


Muehlenbach - 614 - United States


Unknown - s.n. -


Unknown - s.n. -


Unknown - s.n. -


Synonyms
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  • Anisantha diandra (Roth) Tutin
    • Reference article Pavlick, L. E., A. M. Planchuelo, P. M. Peterson & R. J. Soreng. 2003. Bromus. 48: 154–191. In R. J. Soreng, P. M. Peterson, G. Davidse, E. J. Judziewicz, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb.. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
    • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
    • Reference article Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CNWG:. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Anisantha diandra (Roth) Tutin ex Tzvelev
    • Reference article Cabi, E. & M. Doğan. 2012. Poaceae. 690–756. In A. Güner, S. Aslan, T. Ekim, M. Vural & M. T. Babaç (eds.) Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi. Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, Istanbul.
    • Reference article Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Reference article CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
    • Reference article Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CNWG:. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Reference article Pavlick, L. E., A. M. Planchuelo, P. M. Peterson & R. J. Soreng. 2003. Bromus. 48: 154–191. In R. J. Soreng, P. M. Peterson, G. Davidse, E. J. Judziewicz, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb.. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
  • Anisantha diandra subsp. rigida (Roth) Tzvelev
    • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
  • Anisantha gussonii (Parl.) Nevski
    • Reference article CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
    • Reference article Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CNWG:. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Reference article Cabi, E. & M. Doğan. 2012. Poaceae. 690–756. In A. Güner, S. Aslan, T. Ekim, M. Vural & M. T. Babaç (eds.) Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi. Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, Istanbul.
    • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
    • Reference article Pavlick, L. E., A. M. Planchuelo, P. M. Peterson & R. J. Soreng. 2003. Bromus. 48: 154–191. In R. J. Soreng, P. M. Peterson, G. Davidse, E. J. Judziewicz, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb.. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
    • Reference article Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
  • Anisantha macranthera (Hack. ex Henriq.) P. Silva
    • Reference article Cabi, E. & M. Doğan. 2012. Poaceae. 690–756. In A. Güner, S. Aslan, T. Ekim, M. Vural & M. T. Babaç (eds.) Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi. Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, Istanbul.
    • Reference article Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
  • Anisantha rigida (Roth) Hyl.
    • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
  • Bromus diandrus subsp. rigidus (Roth) O. Bolòs, Masalles & Vigo
    • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
  • Bromus gussonii Parl.
    • Reference article CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
    • Reference article Cabi, E. & M. Doğan. 2012. Poaceae. 690–756. In A. Güner, S. Aslan, T. Ekim, M. Vural & M. T. Babaç (eds.) Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi. Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, Istanbul.
    • Reference article Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Reference article Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CNWG:. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Reference article Pavlick, L. E., A. M. Planchuelo, P. M. Peterson & R. J. Soreng. 2003. Bromus. 48: 154–191. In R. J. Soreng, P. M. Peterson, G. Davidse, E. J. Judziewicz, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb.. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
    • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
    • Reference article Bor, N. L. 1960. Grass. Burma, Ceylon, India & Pakistan i–xviii, 1–767. Pergamon Press, Oxford.
  • Bromus gussonii var. rigidus (Roth) Lindb.
    • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
  • Bromus macrantherus Hack.
    • Reference article Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
  • Bromus macrantherus Hack.
    • Reference article Cabi, E. & M. Doğan. 2012. Poaceae. 690–756. In A. Güner, S. Aslan, T. Ekim, M. Vural & M. T. Babaç (eds.) Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi. Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, Istanbul.
  • Bromus macrantherus Hack. ex Henriq.
    • Reference article Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
  • Bromus madritensis var. maximus (Desf.) St.-Amans
    • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
  • Bromus madritensis var. rigidus (Roth) Bab. ex Syme
    • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
  • Bromus maximus Desf.
    • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
  • Bromus maximus var. gussonei (Parl.) Parl.
    • Reference article Pavlick, L. E. 1995. Bromus N. Amer. 1–160. Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria.
    • Reference article Pavlick, L. E., A. M. Planchuelo, P. M. Peterson & R. J. Soreng. 2003. Bromus. 48: 154–191. In R. J. Soreng, P. M. Peterson, G. Davidse, E. J. Judziewicz, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb.. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
    • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
    • Reference article Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CNWG:. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Reference article CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
  • Bromus murorum Bernh. ex Roem. & Schult.
    • Reference article Cabi, E. & M. Doğan. 2012. Poaceae. 690–756. In A. Güner, S. Aslan, T. Ekim, M. Vural & M. T. Babaç (eds.) Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi. Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, Istanbul.
  • Bromus pallens Cav.
    • Reference article Cabi, E. & M. Doğan. 2012. Poaceae. 690–756. In A. Güner, S. Aslan, T. Ekim, M. Vural & M. T. Babaç (eds.) Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi. Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, Istanbul.
  • Bromus pilosus Dieter.
    • Reference article Cabi, E. & M. Doğan. 2012. Poaceae. 690–756. In A. Güner, S. Aslan, T. Ekim, M. Vural & M. T. Babaç (eds.) Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi. Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, Istanbul.
  • Bromus propendens Jord. ex Nyman
    • Reference article Cabi, E. & M. Doğan. 2012. Poaceae. 690–756. In A. Güner, S. Aslan, T. Ekim, M. Vural & M. T. Babaç (eds.) Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi. Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, Istanbul.
  • Bromus rigidus Roth
  • Bromus rigidus subsp. gussonei (Parl.) Maire
    • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
    • Reference article Pavlick, L. E., A. M. Planchuelo, P. M. Peterson & R. J. Soreng. 2003. Bromus. 48: 154–191. In R. J. Soreng, P. M. Peterson, G. Davidse, E. J. Judziewicz, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb.. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
    • Reference article CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
    • Reference article Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Reference article Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CNWG:. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Bromus rigidus subsp. maximus (Desf.) Rothm. & P. Silva
    • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
  • Bromus rigidus var. gussonei (Parl.) Coss. & Durieu
    • Reference article Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CNWG:. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Reference article Kucera, C. L. 1998. The Grasses of Missouri 305 pp., University of Missouri Press, Colombia.
    • Reference article CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
    • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
    • Reference article Pavlick, L. E. 1995. Bromus N. Amer. 1–160. Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria.
    • Reference article Hickman, J. C. 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California 1–1400. University of California Press, Berkeley.
    • Reference article Pavlick, L. E., A. M. Planchuelo, P. M. Peterson & R. J. Soreng. 2003. Bromus. 48: 154–191. In R. J. Soreng, P. M. Peterson, G. Davidse, E. J. Judziewicz, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb.. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
  • Bromus rubens var. rigidus (Roth) Mutel
    • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
  • Bromus villosus Forssk.
    • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
  • Bromus villosus var. gussonei (Parl.) Asch. & Graebn.
    • Reference article Pavlick, L. E., A. M. Planchuelo, P. M. Peterson & R. J. Soreng. 2003. Bromus. 48: 154–191. In R. J. Soreng, P. M. Peterson, G. Davidse, E. J. Judziewicz, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb.. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
    • Reference article Pavlick, L. E. 1995. Bromus N. Amer. 1–160. Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria.
    • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
    • Reference article CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
    • Reference article Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CNWG:. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Bromus villosus var. maximus (Desf.) Asch. & Graebn.
    • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
  • Bromus villosus var. rigidus (Roth) Asch. & Graebn.
    • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
  • Forasaccus maximus (Desf.) Bubani
    • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
  • Genea rigida (Roth) Dumort.
    • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
  • Zerna gussonei (Parl.) Grossh.
    • Reference article Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CNWG:. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Reference article Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Reference article CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
    • Reference article Cabi, E. & M. Doğan. 2012. Poaceae. 690–756. In A. Güner, S. Aslan, T. Ekim, M. Vural & M. T. Babaç (eds.) Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi. Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, Istanbul.
    • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
    • Reference article Pavlick, L. E. 1995. Bromus N. Amer. 1–160. Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria.
    • Reference article Pavlick, L. E., A. M. Planchuelo, P. M. Peterson & R. J. Soreng. 2003. Bromus. 48: 154–191. In R. J. Soreng, P. M. Peterson, G. Davidse, E. J. Judziewicz, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb.. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
Accepted Names
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References
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Accepted By:
  • Reference article Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
  • Reference article Adams, C. D. 1972. Fl. Pl. Jamaica 1–848. University of the West Indies, Mona.
  • Reference article Baeza, C. M., T. F. Stuessy & C. Marticorena. 2002. Notes on the Poaceae of the Robinson Crusoe (Juan Fernández) Islands, Chile. Brittonia 54(3): 154–163.
  • Reference article Beetle, A.A. 1977. Noteworthy grasses from Mexico V. Phytologia 37(4): 317–407. View in Biodiversity Heritage Library
  • Reference article Beetle, A.A. 1987. Gram. México 2: 1–344. Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulícos: COTECOCA, México.
  • Reference article Bor, N. L. 1960. Grass. Burma, Ceylon, India & Pakistan i–xviii, 1–767. Pergamon Press, Oxford.
  • Reference article Cabi, E. & M. Doğan. 2012. Poaceae. 690–756. In A. Güner, S. Aslan, T. Ekim, M. Vural & M. T. Babaç (eds.) Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi. Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, Istanbul.
  • Reference article CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
  • Reference article Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater. 1994. Alismataceae a Cyperaceae. 6: i–xvi, 1–543. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer.. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D. F.
  • Reference article Espejo Serna, A., A. R. López-Ferrari & J. Valdés-Reyna. 2000. Poaceae. Monocot. Mexic. Sinopsis Floríst. 10: 7–236 [and index].
  • Reference article Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. M. Welman, E. Retief, K. L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. Van Wyk & A. Nicholas. 1987. List of species of southern African plants. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa 2(1–2): 1–152(pt. 1), 1–270(pt. 2).
  • Reference article Gould, F. W. & R. Moran. 1981. The grasses of Baja California, Mexico. Mem. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist. 12: 1–140.
  • Reference article Hickman, J. C. 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California 1–1400. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Reference article Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Miss. Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Reference article Kucera, C. L. 1998. The Grasses of Missouri 305 pp., University of Missouri Press, Colombia.
  • Reference article Munz, P. A. 1968. Suppl. Calif. Fl. 1–224. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Reference article Munz, P. A. 1974. Fl. S. Calif. 1–1086. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Reference article Pavlick, L. E. 1995. Bromus N. Amer. 1–160. Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria.
  • Reference article Pavlick, L. E., A. M. Planchuelo, P. M. Peterson & R. J. Soreng. 2003. Bromus. 48: 154–191. In R. J. Soreng, P. M. Peterson, G. Davidse, E. J. Judziewicz, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb.. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
  • Reference article Pohl, R. W. & G. Davidse. 1994. 57. Bromus L. 6: 245–246. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer.. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D. F.
  • Reference article Sharp, D. & B. K. Simon. 2002. AusGrass: Grasses of Australia. CD-ROM, Version 1.0. CD–ROM.
  • Reference article Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CNWG:. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Reference article Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
Homonyms
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Subordinate Taxa
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Specimens
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Specimen coordinates enclosed in square brackets [ ] have been approximated based on political units.
Literature Based Distribution
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Mapping will be based on a standard reference mark based on political units when available.
  • Oceania
    • Australia : Sharp, D. & B. K. Simon. 2002. AusGrass: Grasses of Australia. CD-ROM, Version 1.0. CD–ROM.
  • North America
    • Canada : Pavlick, L. E., A. M. Planchuelo, P. M. Peterson & R. J. Soreng. 2003. Bromus. 48: 154–191. In R. J. Soreng, P. M. Peterson, G. Davidse, E. J. Judziewicz, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
    • Canada : Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CNWG:. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Mesoamerica
    • Guatemala : Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater. 1994. Alismataceae a Cyperaceae. 6: i–xvi, 1–543. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D. F.
    • Guatemala : Gould, F. W. & R. Moran. 1981. The grasses of Baja California, Mexico. Mem. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist. 12: 1–140.
    • Guatemala : Pohl, R. W. & G. Davidse. 1994. 57. Bromus L. 6: 245–246. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D. F.
    • Guatemala : Pavlick, L. E., A. M. Planchuelo, P. M. Peterson & R. J. Soreng. 2003. Bromus. 48: 154–191. In R. J. Soreng, P. M. Peterson, G. Davidse, E. J. Judziewicz, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
    • Guatemala : Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CNWG:. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Asia
    • India : Bor, N. L. 1960. Grass. Burma, Ceylon, India & Pakistan i–xviii, 1–767. Pergamon Press, Oxford.
    • India : Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2006. Flora of China (Poaceae). 22: 1–733. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • Lesser Sunda Isl : Veldkamp, J. F., M. Eriks & S. S. Smit. 1991. Bromus (Gramineae) in Malesia. Blumea 35: 483–497.
  • Mesoamerica
    • Mexico : Beetle, A.A. 1977. Noteworthy grasses from Mexico V. Phytologia 37(4): 317–407.
    • Mexico : Gould, F. W. & R. Moran. 1981. The grasses of Baja California, Mexico. Mem. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist. 12: 1–140.
    • Mexico : Beetle, A.A. 1987. Gram. México 2: 1–344. Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulícos: COTECOCA, México.
    • Mexico : Pavlick, L. E., A. M. Planchuelo, P. M. Peterson & R. J. Soreng. 2003. Bromus. 48: 154–191. In R. J. Soreng, P. M. Peterson, G. Davidse, E. J. Judziewicz, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
    • Mexico : Espejo Serna, A., A. R. López-Ferrari & J. Valdés-Reyna. 2000. Poaceae. Monocot. Mexic. Sinopsis Floríst. 10: 7–236 [and index].
    • Mexico : Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CNWG:. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Asia
    • Pakistan : Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2006. Flora of China (Poaceae). 22: 1–733. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
  • Europe
    • Portugal : Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Spain : Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
  • Asia
    • Turkey : Cabi, E. & M. Doğan. 2012. Poaceae. 690–756. In A. Güner, S. Aslan, T. Ekim, M. Vural & M. T. Babaç (eds.) Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi. Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, Istanbul.
  • North America
    • United States : Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.
    • United States : Munz, P. A. 1968. Suppl. Calif. Fl. 1–224. University of California Press, Berkeley.
    • United States : Munz, P. A. 1974. Fl. S. Calif. 1–1086. University of California Press, Berkeley.
    • United States : Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater. 1994. Alismataceae a Cyperaceae. 6: i–xvi, 1–543. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D. F.
    • United States : Gould, F. W. & R. Moran. 1981. The grasses of Baja California, Mexico. Mem. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist. 12: 1–140.
    • United States : Hickman, J. C. 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California 1–1400. University of California Press, Berkeley.
    • United States : Pohl, R. W. & G. Davidse. 1994. 57. Bromus L. 6: 245–246. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D. F.
    • United States : Pavlick, L. E., A. M. Planchuelo, P. M. Peterson & R. J. Soreng. 2003. Bromus. 48: 154–191. In R. J. Soreng, P. M. Peterson, G. Davidse, E. J. Judziewicz, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
    • United States : Kucera, C. L. 1998. The Grasses of Missouri 305 pp., University of Missouri Press, Colombia.
    • United States : Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CNWG:. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Caribbean
    • Caribbean : Adams, C. D. 1972. Fl. Pl. Jamaica 1–848. University of the West Indies, Mona.
    • Caribbean : Pavlick, L. E., A. M. Planchuelo, P. M. Peterson & R. J. Soreng. 2003. Bromus. 48: 154–191. In R. J. Soreng, P. M. Peterson, G. Davidse, E. J. Judziewicz, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
    • Caribbean : Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. N. Morrone. 2003 and onwards. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. vols. 39, 41, 46, and 48. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/CNWG:. In R. J. Soreng, G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. Judziewicz & O. N. Morrone (eds.) Internet Cat. New World Grasses. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Africa & Madagascar
    • South Africa : Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. M. Welman, E. Retief, K. L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. Van Wyk & A. Nicholas. 1987. List of species of southern African plants. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa 2(1–2): 1–152(pt. 1), 1–270(pt. 2).
  • North America
    • Canada British Columbia: Pavlick, L. E. 1995. Bromus N. Amer. 1–160. Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria.
  • South America
    • Chile Valparaiso: Baeza, C. M., T. F. Stuessy & C. Marticorena. 2002. Notes on the Poaceae of the Robinson Crusoe (Juan Fernández) Islands, Chile. Brittonia 54(3): 154–163.
  • Asia
    • China Xizang Zizhiqu: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2006. Flora of China (Poaceae). 22: 1–733. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
  • South America
    • Ecuador Chimborazo: Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Miss. Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Mesoamerica
    • Mexico Baja California: Beetle, A.A. 1977. Noteworthy grasses from Mexico V. Phytologia 37(4): 317–407.
    • Mexico Baja California: Gould, F. W. & R. Moran. 1981. The grasses of Baja California, Mexico. Mem. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist. 12: 1–140.
    • Mexico Baja California: Beetle, A.A. 1987. Gram. México 2: 1–344. Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulícos: COTECOCA, México.
    • Mexico Baja California: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. López-Ferrari & J. Valdés-Reyna. 2000. Poaceae. Monocot. Mexic. Sinopsis Floríst. 10: 7–236 [and index].
    • Mexico Distrito Federal: Beetle, A.A. 1987. Gram. México 2: 1–344. Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulícos: COTECOCA, México.
    • Mexico Distrito Federal: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. López-Ferrari & J. Valdés-Reyna. 2000. Poaceae. Monocot. Mexic. Sinopsis Floríst. 10: 7–236 [and index].
    • Mexico México: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. López-Ferrari & J. Valdés-Reyna. 2000. Poaceae. Monocot. Mexic. Sinopsis Floríst. 10: 7–236 [and index].
    • Mexico Puebla: Beetle, A.A. 1977. Noteworthy grasses from Mexico V. Phytologia 37(4): 317–407.
    • Mexico Puebla: Beetle, A.A. 1987. Gram. México 2: 1–344. Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulícos: COTECOCA, México.
    • Mexico Puebla: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. López-Ferrari & J. Valdés-Reyna. 2000. Poaceae. Monocot. Mexic. Sinopsis Floríst. 10: 7–236 [and index].
  • Europe
    • Portugal Braga: Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Portugal Braganca: Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Portugal Castelo Branco: Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Portugal Coimbra: Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Portugal Evora: Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Portugal Faro: Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Portugal Guarda: Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Portugal Leiria: Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Portugal Portalegre: Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Portugal Santarem: Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Spain Almeria: Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Spain Alvila: Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Spain Caceres: Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Spain Granada: Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Spain Jaen: Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Spain Leon: Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Spain Logrono: Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Spain Malaga: Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Spain Palencia: Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Spain Sevilla: Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
    • Spain Toledo: Acedo, C. & F. Llanos H. 1999. The genus Bromus L. (Poaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula. Phanerog. Monogr. 22: 1–293.
  • North America
    • United States California: Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.
    • United States California: Munz, P. A. 1968. Suppl. Calif. Fl. 1–224. University of California Press, Berkeley.
    • United States California: Munz, P. A. 1974. Fl. S. Calif. 1–1086. University of California Press, Berkeley.
    • United States California: Hickman, J. C. 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California 1–1400. University of California Press, Berkeley.
    • United States California: Pavlick, L. E. 1995. Bromus N. Amer. 1–160. Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria.
    • United States Delaware: Pavlick, L. E. 1995. Bromus N. Amer. 1–160. Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria.
  • Caribbean
    • Caribbean Haiti: Adams, C. D. 1972. Fl. Pl. Jamaica 1–848. University of the West Indies, Mona.
    • Caribbean Jamaica: Adams, C. D. 1972. Fl. Pl. Jamaica 1–848. University of the West Indies, Mona.
 
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