Decrease font Increase font Restore font Cardiospermum halicacabum L.
Details
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Group: Dicot Rank: species Herbarium Placement: Monsanto, 2nd, A, 165

Authors: Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 366–367. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
Annotation: as "Halicacabum"
Type-Protologue
Locality: Habitat in Indiis
Type Specimens
  • LT: Herb. Clifford: 151, Cardiospermum No. 1B; ; (BM) LT designated by Barrie, Regnum Veg. 127: 30 (1993)
Higher Taxa:     Taxonomy Browser
Concept:    details
Combinations for this basionym:
Corindum halicacabum (L.) Medik.
Projects: Antioquia , Bolivia , China , Ecuador , Flora of Panama , IPCN , Madagascar , Madidi Checklist , Mesoamericana , Missouri , Nicaragua , Pakistan , Paraguay , Peru

Common Names:
  • balloon-vine (English, United States)
  • Bejuco colorado (Mexico)
    • No References available
  • dao di ling
    • No References available
  • heart-seed (English, United States)
  • Wilole (Kisukuma, Tanzania)
    • No References available
Keywords: AFRICA, BCA, BOL, CEC, FCC, FVG, MAD, FNA1327
Images:

Cardiospermum halicacabum


Cardiospermum halicacabum


Davidse - 39729 - United States


Davidse - 39729 - United States


Davidse - 39729 - United States


Davidse - 39729 - United States


Davidse - 40296 - United States


Davidse - 40296 - United States


Hinton - 13291 - Mexico


Hinton - 20532 - Mexico


Hinton - 20588 - Mexico


Hinton - 21158 - Mexico


Hinton - 21209 - Mexico


Hinton - 21410 - Mexico


Hinton - 21448 - Mexico


Hinton - 26476 - Mexico


Hinton - 26484 - Mexico


Hinton - 9807 - Mexico


Randriamampionona - 805 - Madagascar


Schimper - 814 -


Stevens - 26526 - Nicaragua


Turner - 12-133 - United States


Turner - 12-133 - United States


Turner - 12-133 - United States


Turner - 12-133 - United States


Turner - 12-133 - United States


Turner - 12-133 - United States


Turner - 12-133 - United States


Turner - 12-133 - United States


Turner - 12-133 - United States


Turner - 12-133 - United States


Turner - 12-133 - United States


Turner - 12-133 - United States


Turner - 12-133 - United States


Unknown - s.n. -


Unknown - s.n. -


Unknown - s.n. -


Yatskievych - 89-366 - United States


Synonyms
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Accepted Names
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References
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Accepted By:
  • Reference article AFPD. 2008. African Flowering Plants Database - Base de Donnees des Plantes a Fleurs D'Afrique.
  • Reference article Carnevali, G., J. L. Tapia-Muñoz, R. Duno de Stefano & I. M. Ramírez Morillo. 2010. Fl. Ilustr. Penins. Yucatán 1–326.
  • Reference article CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
  • Reference article Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
  • Reference article Forzza, R. C. 2010. Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro.
  • Reference article Funk, V. A., P. E. Berry, S. Alexander, T. H. Hollowell & C. L. Kelloff. 2007. Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55: 1–584. View in Biodiversity Heritage Library
  • Reference article Hokche, O., P. E. Berry & O. Huber. (eds.) 2008. Nuevo Cat. Fl. Vasc. Venez. 1–859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, Caracas.
  • Reference article Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. (eds.) 2011. Fl. Antioquia: Cat. 2: 9–939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Reference article Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali (eds). 1980-2005. Fl. Pakistan Univ. of Karachi, Karachi.
Homonyms
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Subordinate Taxa
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Specimens
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Literature Based Distribution
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Mapping will be based on a standard reference mark based on political units when available.
  • South America
    • Bolivia : Foster, R. C. 1958. A catalogue of the ferns and flowering plants of Bolivia. Contr. Gray Herb. 184: 1–223.
    • Bolivia : Rusby, H. H. 1893. On the collections of Mr. Miguel Bang in Bolivia. Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 3(3): 1–67.
    • Brazil : Forzza, R. C. 2010. Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro.
    • Ecuador : Porter, D. M. 1983. Vascular plants of the Galapagos: Origins and dispersal. 33–54. In M. B. R. I. Bowman & A. E. Leviton Patt. Evol. Galapagos Org. Pacific Division, AAAS, San Francisco.
    • Ecuador : Renner, S. S., H. Balslev & L.B. Holm-Nielsen. 1990. Flowering plants of Amazonian Ecuador—A checklist. AAU Rep. 24: 1–241.
    • French Guiana : Funk, V. A., P. E. Berry, S. Alexander, T. H. Hollowell & C. L. Kelloff. 2007. Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55: 1–584.
  • Mesoamerica
    • Guatemala : Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1949. Sapindaceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Part VI. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(6): 234–273.
  • South America
    • Guyana : Funk, V. A., P. E. Berry, S. Alexander, T. H. Hollowell & C. L. Kelloff. 2007. Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55: 1–584.
  • Mesoamerica
    • Honduras : Molina Rosito, A. 1975. Enumeración de las plantas de Honduras. Ceiba 19(1): 1–118.
    • Honduras : Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1949. Sapindaceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Part VI. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(6): 234–273.
    • Mexico : Sousa Sánchez, M. & E. F. Cabrera Cano. 1983. Flora de Quintana Roo. Listados Floríst. México 2: 1–100.
    • Mexico : Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1949. Sapindaceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Part VI. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(6): 234–273.
  • Africa & Madagascar
    • Madagascar : Choux, P. 1931. Sapindaceae. Cat. Pl. Madag., Sapind. 4: 1–14.
    • Madagascar : Capuron, R. 1969. Revision des Sapindacees de Madagascar et des Comores. Mém. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., B, Bot. 19: 1–189.
  • South America
    • Peru : Macbride, J. F. 1956. Sapindaceae. 13(3A/2): 291–391. In J. F. Macbride (ed.) Fl. Peru. Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. Field Museum, Chicago.
    • Suriname : Funk, V. A., P. E. Berry, S. Alexander, T. H. Hollowell & C. L. Kelloff. 2007. Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55: 1–584.
  • North America
    • United States : Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
    • United States : Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.
    • United States : Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.
    • United States : Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
    • United States : Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Man. Vasc. Pl. Texas i–xv, 1–1881. The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.
    • United States : Long, R. W. & O. K. Lakela. 1971. Fl. Trop. Florida i–xvii, 1–962. University of Miami Press, Coral Cables.
    • United States : Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
    • United States : Voss, E. G. 1985. Michigan Flora. Part II Dicots (Saururaceae-Cornaceae). Bull. Cranbrook Inst. Sci. 59. xix + 724.
    • United States : Gleason, H. A. 1968. The Choripetalous Dicotyledoneae. vol. 2. 655 pp. In H. A. Gleason Ill. Fl. N. U.S. New York Botanical Garden, New York.
    • United States : Carnevali, G., J. L. Tapia-Muñoz, R. Duno de Stefano & I. M. Ramírez Morillo. 2010. Fl. Ilustr. Penins. Yucatán 1–326.
  • South America
    • Venezuela : Steyermark, J. A. 1995. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Project.
  • Caribbean
    • Caribbean : Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1949. Sapindaceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Part VI. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(6): 234–273.
  • Africa & Madagascar
    • South Africa : Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. M. Welman, E. Retief, K. L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. Van Wyk & A. Nicholas. 1987. List of species of southern African plants. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa 2(1–2): 1–152(pt. 1), 1–270(pt. 2).
  • South America
    • Bolivia Chuquisaca: Serrano, M. & J. Terán. 1998 [2000]. Identific. Esp. Veg. Chuquisaca 1–129. PLAFOR, Intercooperación, Fundación Ceibo, Sucre.
    • Bolivia Cochabamba: Rusby, H. H. 1893. On the collections of Mr. Miguel Bang in Bolivia. Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 3(3): 1–67.
    • Bolivia Cochabamba: De la Barra, N. 1997. Reconstr. Evol. Paisaje Veg. Cochabamba i–v, 1–174. Tesis, Universidad Mayor San Simón, Cochabamba.
  • Asia
    • China Fujian: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Gansu: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Guizhou: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Hainan: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Hubei: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Sichuan: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Yunnan: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
    • China Hong Kong Island: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
  • South America
    • Colombia Antioquia: Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. (eds.) 2011. Fl. Antioquia: Cat. 2: 9–939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Ecuador Azuay: Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181.
    • Ecuador Azuay: Jørgensen, P. M. & C. Ulloa Ulloa. 1994. Seed plants of the high Andes of Ecuador—A checklist. AAU Rep. 34: 1–443.
    • Ecuador Carchi: Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181.
    • Ecuador El Oro : Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181.
    • Ecuador Galapagos: Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181.
    • Ecuador Galapagos: Porter, D. M. 1983. Vascular plants of the Galapagos: Origins and dispersal. 33–54. In M. B. R. I. Bowman & A. E. Leviton Patt. Evol. Galapagos Org. Pacific Division, AAAS, San Francisco.
    • Ecuador Guayas: Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181.
    • Ecuador Imbabura: Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181.
    • Ecuador Manabí: Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181.
    • Ecuador Morona-Santiago: Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181.
    • Ecuador Morona-Santiago: Renner, S. S., H. Balslev & L.B. Holm-Nielsen. 1990. Flowering plants of Amazonian Ecuador—A checklist. AAU Rep. 24: 1–241.
    • Ecuador Napo: Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181.
    • Ecuador Napo: Renner, S. S., H. Balslev & L.B. Holm-Nielsen. 1990. Flowering plants of Amazonian Ecuador—A checklist. AAU Rep. 24: 1–241.
    • Ecuador Pastaza: Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181.
    • Ecuador Pastaza: Renner, S. S., H. Balslev & L.B. Holm-Nielsen. 1990. Flowering plants of Amazonian Ecuador—A checklist. AAU Rep. 24: 1–241.
    • Ecuador Pichincha: Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181.
    • Ecuador Pichincha: Jørgensen, P. M. & C. Ulloa Ulloa. 1994. Seed plants of the high Andes of Ecuador—A checklist. AAU Rep. 34: 1–443.
  • Mesoamerica
    • Guatemala Chiquimula: Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1949. Sapindaceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Part VI. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(6): 234–273.
    • Guatemala El Progreso: Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1949. Sapindaceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Part VI. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(6): 234–273.
    • Guatemala Guatemala: Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1949. Sapindaceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Part VI. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(6): 234–273.
    • Guatemala Jalapa: Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1949. Sapindaceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Part VI. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(6): 234–273.
    • Guatemala Sacatepéquez: Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1949. Sapindaceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Part VI. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(6): 234–273.
    • Guatemala Zacapa: Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1949. Sapindaceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Part VI. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(6): 234–273.
    • Mexico Campeche: Martínez Salas, E. M., M. Sousa Sánchez & C. H. Ramos Álvarez. 2001. Región de Calakmul, Campeche. Listados Floríst. México 22: 1–55.
    • Mexico Campeche: Carnevali, G., J. L. Tapia-Muñoz, R. Duno de Stefano & I. M. Ramírez Morillo. 2010. Fl. Ilustr. Penins. Yucatán 1–326.
    • Mexico Chiapas: Carnevali, G., J. L. Tapia-Muñoz, R. Duno de Stefano & I. M. Ramírez Morillo. 2010. Fl. Ilustr. Penins. Yucatán 1–326.
    • Mexico Durango: Carnevali, G., J. L. Tapia-Muñoz, R. Duno de Stefano & I. M. Ramírez Morillo. 2010. Fl. Ilustr. Penins. Yucatán 1–326.
    • Mexico Guerrero: Carnevali, G., J. L. Tapia-Muñoz, R. Duno de Stefano & I. M. Ramírez Morillo. 2010. Fl. Ilustr. Penins. Yucatán 1–326.
    • Mexico Hidalgo: Carnevali, G., J. L. Tapia-Muñoz, R. Duno de Stefano & I. M. Ramírez Morillo. 2010. Fl. Ilustr. Penins. Yucatán 1–326.
    • Mexico Jalisco: Carnevali, G., J. L. Tapia-Muñoz, R. Duno de Stefano & I. M. Ramírez Morillo. 2010. Fl. Ilustr. Penins. Yucatán 1–326.
    • Mexico México: Carnevali, G., J. L. Tapia-Muñoz, R. Duno de Stefano & I. M. Ramírez Morillo. 2010. Fl. Ilustr. Penins. Yucatán 1–326.
    • Mexico Nuevo León: Carnevali, G., J. L. Tapia-Muñoz, R. Duno de Stefano & I. M. Ramírez Morillo. 2010. Fl. Ilustr. Penins. Yucatán 1–326.
    • Mexico Oaxaca: García-Mendoza, A. J. & J. A. Meave. 2011. Divers. Florist. Oaxaca 1–351. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria.
    • Mexico Oaxaca: Carnevali, G., J. L. Tapia-Muñoz, R. Duno de Stefano & I. M. Ramírez Morillo. 2010. Fl. Ilustr. Penins. Yucatán 1–326.
    • Mexico Puebla: Carnevali, G., J. L. Tapia-Muñoz, R. Duno de Stefano & I. M. Ramírez Morillo. 2010. Fl. Ilustr. Penins. Yucatán 1–326.
    • Mexico Quintana Roo: Sousa Sánchez, M. & E. F. Cabrera Cano. 1983. Flora de Quintana Roo. Listados Floríst. México 2: 1–100.
    • Mexico Tabasco: Novelo, A. & L. Ramos. 2005. Vegetación acuática. Cap. 5: 111–144. In J. Bueno, F Álvarez & S. Santiago (eds.) Biodivers. Tabasco. CONABIO-UNAM, México.
    • Mexico Tabasco: Carnevali, G., J. L. Tapia-Muñoz, R. Duno de Stefano & I. M. Ramírez Morillo. 2010. Fl. Ilustr. Penins. Yucatán 1–326.
    • Mexico Tamaulipas: Carnevali, G., J. L. Tapia-Muñoz, R. Duno de Stefano & I. M. Ramírez Morillo. 2010. Fl. Ilustr. Penins. Yucatán 1–326.
    • Mexico Veracruz: Carnevali, G., J. L. Tapia-Muñoz, R. Duno de Stefano & I. M. Ramírez Morillo. 2010. Fl. Ilustr. Penins. Yucatán 1–326.
    • Mexico Yucatan: Carnevali, G., J. L. Tapia-Muñoz, R. Duno de Stefano & I. M. Ramírez Morillo. 2010. Fl. Ilustr. Penins. Yucatán 1–326.
  • South America
    • Peru Ayacucho: Macbride, J. F. 1956. Sapindaceae. 13(3A/2): 291–391. In J. F. Macbride (ed.) Fl. Peru. Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. Field Museum, Chicago.
    • Peru Cusco: Macbride, J. F. 1956. Sapindaceae. 13(3A/2): 291–391. In J. F. Macbride (ed.) Fl. Peru. Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. Field Museum, Chicago.
    • Peru Huánuco: Macbride, J. F. 1956. Sapindaceae. 13(3A/2): 291–391. In J. F. Macbride (ed.) Fl. Peru. Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. Field Museum, Chicago.
    • Peru Junín: Macbride, J. F. 1956. Sapindaceae. 13(3A/2): 291–391. In J. F. Macbride (ed.) Fl. Peru. Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. Field Museum, Chicago.
    • Peru Loreto: Macbride, J. F. 1956. Sapindaceae. 13(3A/2): 291–391. In J. F. Macbride (ed.) Fl. Peru. Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. Field Museum, Chicago.
    • Peru San Martín: Macbride, J. F. 1956. Sapindaceae. 13(3A/2): 291–391. In J. F. Macbride (ed.) Fl. Peru. Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. Field Museum, Chicago.
  • North America
    • United States Delaware: Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
    • United States Florida: Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
    • United States Florida: Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.
    • United States Florida: Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
    • United States Florida: Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
    • United States Illinois: Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
    • United States Kansas: Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.
    • United States Kansas: Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
    • United States Michigan: Voss, E. G. 1985. Michigan Flora. Part II Dicots (Saururaceae-Cornaceae). Bull. Cranbrook Inst. Sci. 59. xix + 724.
    • United States Missouri: Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.
    • United States Missouri: Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
    • United States Missouri: Long, R. W. & O. K. Lakela. 1971. Fl. Trop. Florida i–xvii, 1–962. University of Miami Press, Coral Cables.
    • United States Missouri: Gleason, H. A. 1968. The Choripetalous Dicotyledoneae. vol. 2. 655 pp. In H. A. Gleason Ill. Fl. N. U.S. New York Botanical Garden, New York.
    • United States Mississippi: Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
    • United States New Jersey: Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
    • United States New Jersey: Long, R. W. & O. K. Lakela. 1971. Fl. Trop. Florida i–xvii, 1–962. University of Miami Press, Coral Cables.
    • United States New Jersey: Gleason, H. A. 1968. The Choripetalous Dicotyledoneae. vol. 2. 655 pp. In H. A. Gleason Ill. Fl. N. U.S. New York Botanical Garden, New York.
    • United States Ohio: Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.
    • United States Ohio: Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
    • United States Oklahoma: Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.
    • United States Pennsylvania: Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.
    • United States Pennsylvania: Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
    • United States South Carolina: Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
    • United States Texas: Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.
    • United States Texas: Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
    • United States Texas: Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Man. Vasc. Pl. Texas i–xv, 1–1881. The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.
    • United States Texas: Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
  • South America
    • Venezuela Amazonas: Funk, V. A., P. E. Berry, S. Alexander, T. H. Hollowell & C. L. Kelloff. 2007. Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55: 1–584.
    • Venezuela Bolívar: Steyermark, J. A. 1995. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Project.
    • Venezuela Bolívar: Funk, V. A., P. E. Berry, S. Alexander, T. H. Hollowell & C. L. Kelloff. 2007. Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55: 1–584.
    • Venezuela Delta Amacuro: Funk, V. A., P. E. Berry, S. Alexander, T. H. Hollowell & C. L. Kelloff. 2007. Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55: 1–584.
  • Asia
    • China Taiwan: Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2007. Flora of China (Hippocastanaceae through Theaceae). 12: 1–534. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis.
 
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