Taxonomy Browser

Concept:    details
Higher Taxa class: Equisetopsida C. Agardh
subclass: Magnoliidae Novák ex Takht.
superorder: Rosanae Takht.
order: Fagales Engl.
family: Betulaceae Gray

  genus: !Betula L.   Go to name

Lower Taxa section: Betula sect. Acuminatae Regel
section: Betula sect. Albae Regel
subgenus: Betula subgen. Albae Nakai
subsection: Betula subsect. Albae Regel
subsection: Betula subsect. Albae Gruppe Eualbae Ascherson & Graebn.
subsection: Betula subsect. Albae H.J.P. Winkl.
section: Betula sect. Asperae Nakai
subgenus: Betula subgen. Asperae Nakai
subsection: Betula subsect. Asperae C.K. Schneid.
section: Betula sect. Betula
subsection: Betula subsect. Betula
section: Betula sect. Betulaster Regel
subgenus: Betula subgen. Betulaster Endl.
subgenus: Betula subgen. Chinenses Nakai
subsection: Betula subsect. Chinenses C.K. Schneid.
section: Betula sect. Costatae Regel
subsection: Betula subsect. Costatae Regel
section: Betula sect. Dahuricae Regel
subsection: Betula subsect. Dahuricae C.K. Schneid.
subsection: Betula subsect. Dahuricae Regel
subgenus: Betula subgen. Eramani Nakai
subsection: Betula subsect. Eramanianae C.K. Schneid.
subsection: Betula subsect. Eualbae C.K. Schneid.
section: **Betula sect. Eubetula Regel
section: Betula sect. Fruticosae Regel
subgenus: Betula subgen. Fruticosae Nakai
subsection: Betula subsect. Fruticosae Regel
subsection: Betula subsect. Grossae C.K. Schneid.
section: Betula sect. Humiles W.D.J. Koch
section: Betula sect. Nanae Regel
species: Betula acuminata Wall.
species: Betula acuminata Ehrh.
species: Betula acuminata Kindb.
species: Betula acuminatifolia V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula adasii T.V. Egorova & Sipliv.
species: Betula affinis Endl.
species: Betula aischatiae E.S. Husseinov
species: Betula ajanensis Kom.
species: Betula alajica Litv.
species: Betula alaskana Lesq.
species: *Betula alaskana Sarg.
species: Betula alatavica Muscheg.
species: Betula alatavica Musch.
species: *Betula alba L.
species: Betula albosinensis Burkill
species: Betula alleghaniensis Britton
species: Betula alnobetula Ehrh.
species: Betula alnoides Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don
species: Betula alnus L.
species: Betula alnus-crispa Steud.
nothospecies: Betula × alpestris Fr.
nothospecies: *Betula × alpina Kindb.
species: Betula alpina Kindb.
species: Betula alpina Borkh. ex Theorin
species: Betula ambigua Hampe ex Rchb.
species: Betula andreji V.N. Vassil.
nothospecies: Betula × andrewsii A. Nelson
species: Betula andrewsii A. Nelson
species: Betula angulata Steud.
species: Betula antarctica G. Forst.
species: Betula apoiensis Nakai ex H. Hara
species: Betula apoiensis Nakai
nothospecies: Betula × arbuscula Dugle
species: Betula arguta Schltdl.
nothospecies: Betula × aschersoniana Hayek
species: Betula asplenifolia Regel
species: Betula atnensis Raf.
nothospecies: Betula × atrata Domin
nothospecies: Betula × aurata Borkh.
species: Betula aurea Steud.
species: Betula austrosichotensis V.N. Vassil. & V.I. Baranov
species: Betula austrosinensis Chun ex P.C. Li
nothospecies: Betula × avatshensis Kom.
species: Betula baeumkeri H.J.P. Winkl.
nothospecies: Betula × baicalensis Sukaczev
species: Betula baicalensis Sukaczev
species: Betula baicalia V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula baranovii Sukaczev
species: Betula barguzinensis Popov
species: Betula baschkirica Tzvelev
species: Betula beeniana A. Nelson
species: Betula bhojpattra Lindl. ex Wall.
species: Betula bhojpattra Koehne
species: Betula bomiensis P.C. Li
species: Betula borealis Auth.
species: Betula borealis Spach
nothospecies: Betula × borggreveana Zabel ex H. Winkl.
species: Betula borggreveana Zabel ex H. Winkl.
species: Betula bornmuelleri V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula borysthenica Klokov
species: **Betula boshia Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don
nothospecies: Betula × bottnica Mela
species: Betula brachylepis V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula broccembergensis Bechst.
species: Betula browicziana Güner
species: Betula bucharica V.N. Vassil.
nothospecies: Betula × caerulea Blanch.
species: Betula caerulea Blanch.
nothospecies: Betula × caerulea-grandis Blanch.
species: Betula caerulea-grandis Blanch.
species: Betula cajanderi Sukaczev
species: Betula calcicola (W.W. Sm.) P.C. Li
species: Betula callosa Lindq.
species: Betula callosa Notø
species: Betula camtschatica Regel
species: Betula canadensis K. Koch
species: Betula candelae Koidz.
species: Betula cardifolia Regel
species: Betula carelica Merk.
species: Betula carpatica Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd.
species: Betula carpinifolia Michx.
species: Betula carpinifolia Ehrh.
species: Betula carpinifolia Siebold & Zucc.
species: Betula castanae Buch.-Ham. ex Hook. f.
species: Betula caucasica Litv. ex Leskov
species: Betula celtiberica Rothman & Vasc.
species: Betula ceratoptera G.H. Liu & Ma
species: Betula chichibuensis Hara
species: Betula chinensis Maxim.
species: Betula chitralica Browicz
species: Betula ciliata Steud.
species: Betula collina Nakai
nothospecies: Betula × commixta Sarg.
species: Betula concinna Gunnarsson
nothospecies: Betula × conmixta Sarg.
species: Betula cordata Loisel.
species: Betula cordifolia Regel
species: Betula coriacea Pamp.
species: Betula coriacea Gunnarsson
species: Betula coriaceifolia V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula coriifolia Tausch ex Regel
species: Betula corylifolia Griff.
species: Betula corylifolia Regel & Maxim.
species: Betula costata Trautv.
species: Betula crassijulis Muscheg.
species: Betula crassijulis Musch.
species: Betula crenata Rydb. ex B.T. Butler
species: Betula crispa Aiton
species: Betula cryptocarpa Laest.
species: Betula cuspidata Schrad. ex Regel
species: Betula cyclophylla Nakai
species: Betula cylindrostachya Lindl. ex Wall.
species: Betula cylindrostachys Wall. ex Diels
species: Betula czatkalensis V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula czerepanovii Orlova
species: Betula dahurica Pall.
species: Betula dalecarlica L. f.
species: Betula darvasica Ovcz., Czuk. & Schibk.
species: **Betula davurica Pall.
species: Betula delavayi Franch.
species: Betula demetrii I.V. Vassil.
species: Betula derbetica P.A. Baranov
species: Betula dioica Pall.
species: Betula divaricata Ledeb.
species: Betula dolicholepis Ovcz., Czuk. & Schibk.
nothospecies: Betula × dugleana Lepage
nothospecies: Betula × dutillyi Lepage
nothospecies: Betula × eastwoodae Sarg.
nothospecies: Betula × eastwoodiae Dugle
nothospecies: Betula × eastwoodiae Sarg.
species: Betula eastwoodiae Sarg.
species: Betula ellipticifolia V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula elrodiana B.T. Butler
species: Betula emarginata Ehrh.
species: Betula ermanii Cham.
species: Betula ethmensis Raf. ex Regel
species: Betula ethnensis Raf. ex Regel
species: Betula etnensis Raf ex Call
species: Betula evenkiensis Polozhij
species: Betula exalata S. Moore
species: Betula exaltata S. Moore
species: Betula excelsa Hook.
species: Betula excelsa Aiton
species: Betula excelsa Pursh
species: Betula exilis Sukaczev
species: Betula extremio
species: Betula extremiorientalis Kuzen. & V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula falcata V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula fargesii Franch.
species: Betula fauriei H. Lév. ex Nakai
species: Betula fedtschenkoana V.N. Vassil.
nothospecies: Betula × fennica Dörfl.
species: Betula ferganensis V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula finituma Notø
species: Betula fontinalis Sarg.
species: Betula fontqueri Rothm.
species: Betula forrestii (W.W. Sm.) Hand.-Mazz.
species: Betula friesii Larss. ex Hartm.
species: Betula fruticans Pall.
species: Betula fruticosa Willd.
species: Betula fruticosa Pall.
species: Betula fujianensis J. Zeng, Jian H.Li & Z.-D. Chen
species: Betula fusca Pall. ex Georgi
species: Betula fusenensis Nakai
species: Betula ganjuensis Koidz.
species: Betula glabra Dumort.
species: Betula glabrata Wahlenb.
species: Betula glaebosa Notø
species: Betula glandulifera (Regel) B.T. Butler
nothospecies: Betula × glandulosa Berl.
species: Betula glandulosa Michx.
species: Betula glauca Wender.
species: Betula glauca Wender.
species: Betula globispica Shirai
species: Betula glutinosa Wallr.
species: Betula glutinosa (L.) Lam.
species: Betula glutinosa Michx.
species: Betula gmelinii Bunge
species: Betula golitsinii V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula gordiagini P.A. Baranov
species: Betula grandifolia Ettingsh.
species: Betula grandifolia Litv.
species: Betula grandis Schrad.
species: Betula grandis Schrad.
species: Betula grayi Regel
species: Betula grossa Siebold & Zucc.
nothospecies: Betula × grossii Natho
species: Betula gummifera Bertol.
species: Betula guthriei Sudw.
species: Betula gynoterminalis Y.C. Hsu & C.J. Wang
species: Betula hackelii Opiz ex Steud.
species: Betula hallii Howell
species: Betula halophila Ching
nothospecies: Betula × harcynica Wender.
species: Betula harcynica Wender. ex Steud.
species: Betula henanensis S.Y. Wang & C.L. Chang
species: Betula henriettae Sukaczev & V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula heptopotamica V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula hippolyti Sukacz.
species: Betula hippolyti Sukaczev
species: Betula hissarica V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula honanensis S.Y. Wang & C.L. Chang
nothospecies: Betula × hornei Butler
species: Betula hornei B.T. Butler
nothospecies: Betula × humilis Fr. ex Regel
species: Betula humilis Schrank
species: Betula humilis Marshall
species: Betula hupehensis C.K. Schneid.
nothospecies: Betula × hybrida Blom
nothospecies: Betula × hybrida Bechst.
species: Betula hybrida Blom
species: Betula incana (L.) L. f.
species: Betula incana Roth
species: Betula incisa (Koidz.) Koidz.
species: Betula incisa Koidz. ex Komatsu
species: Betula insignis Franch.
species: Betula insularis V.N. Vassil.
nothospecies: Betula × intermedia Thomas ex Rchb.
species: Betula ircutensis Sukaczev
species: Betula itelmenorum V.N. Vassil.
nothospecies: Betula × jackii C.K. Schneid.
species: Betula jackii C.K. Schneid.
species: Betula jacquemontii Spach
species: Betula jacutica V.N. Vassil.
species: !Betula japonica Thunb.
species: **Betula japonica Siebold ex H.J.P. Winkl.
species: Betula japonica Siebold
species: Betula jarmolenkoana Golosk.
species: Betula jiaodongensis S.B. Liang
species: Betula jinpingensis P.C. Li
species: Betula jiulungensis Hu ex P.C. Li
species: Betula jiulungensis P.C. Li ex Qi Lin
species: Betula kamtschatica H. Buek
species: Betula kamtschatica (Regel) C.-A. Jansson
species: Betula karagandensis V.N. Vassil.
nothospecies: Betula × kateninii Tzvelev
species: Betula kelleriana Sukaczev
species: Betula kenaica W.H. Evans
species: Betula kirghisorum Sav.-Rycz.
species: Betula klokovii Zaver.
nothospecies: Betula × koehnei C.K. Schneid.
species: Betula komarovii Perf. & Kolesn.
species: Betula korshinskyi Litv.
species: Betula kossogolica V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula kotulae Zaver.
species: Betula krylovii G. Kryl.
species: Betula kunarensis Browicz
nothospecies: Betula × kusmisscheffii (Regel) Sukaczev
nothospecies: Betula × kusmisscheffii Sukacz.
species: Betula kwangsiensis F.P. Metcalf
species: Betula kweichowensis Hu
species: Betula laciniata Ehrh.
species: *Betula laciniata Wahlenb.
species: Betula laciniata Thunb.
species: Betula laciniata Blom
nothospecies: Betula × lagopina Hartm. ex Regel
species: Betula lanata (Regel) V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula lanulosa Michx.
species: Betula latifolia Kom.
species: Betula latifolia Andrz.
species: Betula latifolia Tausch
species: Betula lenta Du Roi
species: Betula lenta L.
species: Betula leptophylla Regel
species: Betula leptostachya Wall.
species: Betula liaotungensis Baranova
species: Betula lipskyi V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula littelliana Tuck.
species: Betula litwinowii Doluch.
species: Betula lobulata Kit.
species: Betula longifolia Bové ex Spach
species: Betula longilobata Sipliv.
species: Betula lucida Courtois
species: Betula ludmilae V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula luminifera H.J.P. Winkl.
species: *Betula lutea F. Michx.
species: Betula lyalliana Bean
species: Betula maackii Rupr.
species: Betula maarensis V. Vassil. & Gussejnov
species: Betula maarensis V.N. Vassil. & Husseinova
species: Betula macrostachya Schrad. ex Regel
species: Betula major Gilib.
species: Betula mandshurica (Regel) Nakai
species: Betula margusarica V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula maximowicizii Regel
species: Betula maximowicziana Regel
species: Betula maximowiczii Rupr.
species: Betula media Laest.
species: Betula medwediewii Regel
species: Betula megalocarpa Laest.
species: Betula megaloptera Kindb.
species: Betula megrelica Sosn.
species: Betula michauxii Spach
species: Betula micodontia Kindb.
species: Betula microdontia Kindb.
species: Betula microlepis I.V. Vassil.
species: Betula microphylla Bunge
species: Betula middendorffii Trautv. & C.A. Mey.
species: Betula minor Auth.
species: Betula minor (Tuck.) Fernald
species: Betula miyoshii Nakai
species: Betula mongolica V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula montana V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula montanensis Rydb. ex B.T. Butler
species: Betula murgabica V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula murithii Gaudin ex Regel
nothospecies: Betula × murrayana B.V. Barnes & Dancik
species: Betula murrayana B.V. Barnes & Dancik
species: Betula myrsinoides Tausch
species: Betula nakaiana Tatew. & Hurus.
species: Betula nana L.
species: Betula naniformis Lindb. ex Kindb.
species: Betula neoalaskana Sarg.
nothospecies: Betula × neoborealis Lepage
species: Betula neoborealis Lepage
species: Betula nigra L.
species: Betula nigricans Wender.
species: Betula niijimai Nakai
species: Betula nikoensis Koidz.
species: Betula nitida D. Don
species: Betula oblongata Aiton
species: Betula obovata B.T. Butler
nothospecies: Betula × obscura Kotula
species: Betula obscura Kotula
species: Betula occidentalis Hook.
species: Betula odorata Bechst.
species: Betula odorata Bechst.
species: Betula ovalifolia Rupr.
species: Betula ovata Schrank
species: Betula ovata K. Koch
species: Betula ovczinnikovii V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula oxytzowiensis Dippel
species: **Betula oycoviensis Besser
species: Betula oycowiensis Rchb.
species: Betula oycowiensis Besser
species: Betula paishanensis Nakai
species: Betula palmata Borkh.
species: Betula palmiformis Laest.
species: Betula palustris Rupr.
species: Betula palustris Salisb.
species: Betula pamirica Litv.
species: Betula papyracea Aiton
species: Betula papyrifera Marshall
species: Betula paraermanii V. Vassil
species: Betula paramushirensis Barkalov
species: Betula parvibracteata Peinado, G. Moreno & A. Velasco
species: Betula pavlovii P.A. Baranov
species: Betula pendula Roth
species: Betula perfiljevii V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula persicifolia K. Koch
species: Betula pinnata Lundm.
nothospecies: Betula × piperi C.L. Hitchc.
nothospecies: Betula × piperi Britton
species: Betula piperi Britton
species: Betula pirifolia K. Koch
species: Betula platyodontia Kindb.
species: Betula platyphylla Sukaczev
species: Betula platyphylloides V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula platyptera Kindb.
species: Betula plettkei Junge
species: Betula pontica Desf. ex Steud.
species: Betula pontica Loudon
species: Betula populifolia Aiton
species: Betula populifolia Marshall
species: Betula potamophila V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula potaninii Batalin
species: Betula prochorowii Kuzen. & Litv.
species: Betula procurva Litv.
species: Betula psammophila V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula pseudoalafica V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula pseudoalajica V.N. Vassil.
nothospecies: Betula × pseudocarpatica Simonk.
species: Betula pseudolenta V.N. Vassil.
nothospecies: Betula × pseudomiddendorffii V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula pseudomiddendorffii V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula pseudopendula V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula pubentissima V.N. Vassil.
species: **Betula pubescens Ehrh.
species: Betula pulchella Lindb. ex Kindb.
species: Betula pulchella Dippel
species: Betula pumila L.
nothospecies: Betula × purpusii C.K. Schneid.
species: Betula purpusii C.K. Schneid.
species: Betula pyrolifolia V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula quebeccensis Burgsd.
species: Betula raddeana Trautv.
nothospecies: Betula × raymundii Lepage
species: Betula raymundii Lepage
species: Betula recurvata (I.V. Vassil.) V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula regeliana V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula resinifera (Regel) Britton
species: Betula resinifera Royle
species: Betula reticulata Laest. ex Regel
species: Betula reticulata Rupr.
species: Betula rezniczenkoana (Litv.) Schischk.
species: Betula rezniczenkoana Litv.
species: Betula rhombibracteata P.C. Li
nothospecies: Betula × rhombifolia Tausch
species: *Betula rhombifolia Nutt.
species: Betula rhombifolia Tausch
species: Betula riparia W.W. Sm.
species: Betula rockii C.-A. Jansson
species: Betula rosae H.J.P. Winkl.
nothospecies: Betula × rosendahlii Butters & Abbe
species: Betula rossica Min.
species: Betula rotundata Beck
species: *Betula rotundifolia Regel & Tiling
species: !Betula rotundifolia Spach
species: Betula rubra F. Michx.
species: Betula rubra Regel
species: Betula rugosa (Du Roi) Ehrh.
species: Betula rumnica P.A. Baranov
species: Betula ruprechtiana Trautv.
species: Betula rustica Laest.
species: Betula saitoana Nakai
species: Betula sajanensis V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula saksarensis Polozh. & Maltzeva
nothospecies: Betula × sandbergii Britton (pro sp.)
species: Betula sandbergii Britton
species: Betula saposhnikovii Sukaczev
nothospecies: Betula × sargentii Dugle
species: Betula saviczii V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula saxophila Lepage
species: Betula schmidtii Regel
species: Betula schugnanica (B. Fedtsch.) Litv.
nothospecies: Betula × seideliana Missbach
species: Betula seideliana Missbach
species: Betula seravschanica V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula serrulata Aiton
species: Betula sessilis Kom.
species: Betula setarioides H. Winkl.
species: Betula shikokiana Nakai
species: Betula sibirica Lodd. ex Regel
species: Betula sibirica (Ledeb.) C. P'ei
species: Betula silvatica Laest.
species: Betula silvestris Laest.
species: Betula socolowii J. Jacq. ex Regel
species: Betula sokolowii Regel
species: Betula sollennis Koidz.
species: Betula songarica Regel
species: Betula stenocarpa Kindb.
species: Betula stenolepis V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula subaequalis Laest.
species: Betula subalpina Laest.
species: Betula subarctica Orlova
species: Betula subcordata Rydb. ex B.T. Butler
species: Betula subodorata Kindb.
species: Betula substepposa V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula subteicholepidea Kindb.
nothospecies: Betula × subtricholepidea Kindb.
nothospecies: Betula × sukaczevii Soczeva
species: Betula sunanensis Y.J. Zhang
species: Betula szaferi Jent.-Szaf. ex Staszk.
species: Betula szechuanica (C.K. Schneid.) Jansen
species: Betula tadzhikistanica V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula talassica Poljakov
species: Betula tatewakiana M. Ohki & Sad. Watan.
species: Betula tauschii Koidz.
species: Betula terrae-novae Fernald
species: Betula tessingolica P.A. Baranov
species: Betula tianschanica Rupr.
species: Betula tilliifolia Laest.
species: Betula tiulinae V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula tomentosa Reitz & Abeleven
species: Betula torfacea Schleich.
species: Betula tortuosa Ledeb.
species: Betula transbaicalensis V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula transcaucasica V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula transsilvanica Schur
species: Betula trichogemma (Hu ex P.C. Li) T. Hong
species: Betula tricholepidea Kindb.
species: Betula triphylla Fant in Thunberg
species: Betula tristis Wormsk. ex Link
species: Betula tristis Dippel
species: Betula tundrarum Perf.
species: Betula turfosa Weigel ex Rchb.
species: Betula turkestanica Litv.
species: Betula turunica P.A. Baranov
species: Betula tuturinii V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula uber (Ashe) Fernald
nothospecies: Betula × uliginosa Dugle
species: Betula ulmifolia Siebold & Zucc.
nothospecies: Betula × ungavensis Lepage
species: Betula urticifolia (Spach) Regel
species: Betula urticifolia Curtois ex Steud.
species: **Betula uschkanensis Sukaczev
species: Betula uschkanensis Sukaczev
nothospecies: Betula × utahensis Dugle
nothospecies: Betula × utahensis Britton
species: Betula utahensis Britton
species: Betula utilis D. Don
species: Betula vassiljevii Dyl.
species: Betula vassiljevii Dylis
species: Betula velutina V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula verrucosa Ehrh.
species: Betula victoris E.S. Husseinov
species: Betula viminea Kindb.
species: Betula virgata Salisb.
species: Betula virgultosa Fr. ex Regel
species: Betula viridis Chaix
species: Betula viridis Vill.
species: Betula vladimirii V.N. Vassil.
nothospecies: Betula × vologdensis Tzvelev
species: Betula vulcanii H. Lév. & Vaniot
species: Betula wilsoniana C.K. Schneid.
species: Betula wilsonii Bean
nothospecies: Betula × winteri Dugle
species: Betula wutaica Mayr
species: Betula wuyiensis J.B.Xiao
species: Betula yoshimurae Miyabe & Tatew.
nothospecies: Betula × zimpelii Junge
species: Betula zimpelii Junge
species: Betula zinserlingii V.N. Vassil.
species: Betula zyzyphifolia C. Wang & S.L. Tung