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Campyliadelphus (Kindb.) R.S. Chopra Search in The Plant ListSearch in Index Nominum Genericorum (ING)Search in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical Garden Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Taxonomy of Indian Mosses 442. 1975. (Taxon. Indian Mosses) Name publication detail
 

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Notes     (Last Modified On 2/26/2009)
general taxon notes:

Kanda (1975) elevated Campyliadelphus to the generic level from a section of Hypnum to accommodate several species previously placed in Campylium by Brotherus (1925). He based on the following characters: 1) cortical cells in 2–3(–5) layers; 2) pseudoparaphyllia polymorphous; 3) costae long and strong; and 4) setae very elongate. At the same time, Chopra (1975) established the genus Campyliadelphus, and his work was published earlier than that of Kanda (1975) because Kanda’s work was actually published in 1976. Therefore, several new combinations of Campyliadelphus made by Kanda (1975) became later homonyms.

 
Four species of Campyliadelphus are recognized in China.

 

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5. Campyliadelphus (Kindb.) R. S. Chopra   嗜湿藓属   shi shi xian shu

Taxon. Indian Mosses 442. 1975. Hypnum sect. Campyliadelphus Kindb., Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. 7(9): 16. 1883. Campyliadelphus (Kindb.) Kanda, J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B, Div. 2, Bot. 15: 262. 1975[1976], comb. superfl.
Campylium sect. Campyliadelphus Broth., Nat. Pflanzenfam. I(3): 1042. 1908.
 
Plants small to medium-sized, green or yellowish. Stems prostrate, sometimes erect or ascending, irregularly or regularly pinnately branched; in cross section cortical cells in (2–)3–5 layers; central strand weakly differentiated; pseudoparaphyllia foliose, broadly ovate, triangular, or lanceolate; rhizoids often present at base. Stem leaves erect or slightly curved, gradually or abruptly acuminate from ovate-cordate or triangular-cordate base to a long acumen, often curved apex; costae single, reaching 1/2 the leaf length or subpercurrent, sometimes forked or double; margins nearly entire; median leaf cells linear to linear-rhomboidal, sometimes porose; basal cells rectangular or shortly rhomboidal, often thick-walled, porose; alar cells numerous, small, broadly rectangular or rectangular, thick-walled. Dioicous or autoicous. Inner perichaetial leaves erect, lanceolate, plicate; costae single, percurrent or excurrent. Setae elongate, reddish brown; capsules strongly inclined to horizontal, curved, ellipsoidal, constricted below mouth when dry; exostome teeth cross-striate below, papillose, dentate above; endostome segments well developed; basal membrane high; cilia 1–3, as long as the segments, appendiculate. Spores papillose.
 

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1. Leaf costae double and short........................................................................... 2

1. Leaf costae single or long-forked, reaching 1/2 the leaf length or above............... 3
2. Stem leaves crowded, wide-spreading from 1/3 the leaf length; leaves gradually narrowed to a long acumen........................................................................................4. C. stellatus
2. Stem leaves sparely inserted, erect from the insertion; leaves abruptly narrowed to a long acumen......................................................................................3. C. protensus
3. Leaves rather abruptly narrowed to an acuminate apex; alar cells firm-walled, not or slightly enlarged; costae single.......................................................1. C. chrysophyllus
3. Leaves gradually narrowed to an acuminate apex; alar cells inflated, in well-marked, hyaline groups; costae sometimes forked........................................2. C. polygamus

 

 
 
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