1. Encalypta Hedw. 大帽藓属 da-mao xian shu
Sp. Musc. Frond. 60. 1801.
Plants small to moderately large, yellowish green to brownish green, in dense tufts. Stems erect, forked; central strand not well developed. Leaves lingulate, oblong-ovate to elliptic, concave, rounded-obtuse, acute or acuminate above, sometimes awned; margins plane or erect, often crenulate-papillose above, sometimes incurved near the apex; costa single, strong, ending below the apex to percurrent; upper leaf cells rounded to nearly quadrate, obscure with dense forked papillae on both surfaces, thick-walled; basal cells along the costa oblong, smooth, lax, with thin longitudinal walls, thicker, reddish transverse walls; basal marginal cells differentiated, pale, linear, smooth in several rows. Autoicous. Setae erect, elongate, often twisted above when dry; capsules cylindric, erect, symmetric, smooth or furrowed; annuli present; opercula with a straight long-rostrate beak; peristome variable, absent, single or double, lanceolate to filiform, entire or divided, papillose. Calyptrae large, conic-cylindric, covering the whole capsules, long-rostrate, smooth or papillose above, fringed or lobed at the base. Spores spherical, small to large, with proximal and distal surfaces often differentiated.