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Published In: Die Laubmoose Deutschlands, Oesterreichs und der Schweiz 3(35): 570. 1899. (Laubm. Deutschl.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 2/23/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 2/27/2009)
General Reference:

Notes     (Last Modified On 2/27/2009)
general taxon notes:


Four species are currently recognized in the genus (Hedenäs 1989a; Crosby et al. 2000). Two species of Scorpidium are found in China.


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18. Scorpidium (Schimp.) Limpr.   蝎尾藓属   xie wei xian shu
Laubm. Deutschl. 3: 570. 1899. Hypnum subgen. Scorpidium Schimp., Syn. Musc. Eur. 650. 1860.
Plants medium-sized or rather large, yellowish green, reddish brown, or reddish black, in loosely caespitose mats. Stems prostrate or ascending, irregularly or subpinnately branched; in cross section cortical cells thick-walled, sometimes hyaline, enlarged; central strand weakly differentiated; rhizoids few, reddish brown, often present at base of costa; pseudoparaphyllia few, broad, foliose. Stem and branch leaves similar, erect or strongly secund toward one side, often abruptly curved above, broadly ovate, usually concave, obtuse or shortly acute, often cucullate at apex; margins nearly entire, only serrulate at apex; costae double, short or relatively strong; median leaf cells linear, smooth; basal cells shorter, broader, thick-walled, porose; alar cells somewhat differentiated, hyaline, rarely decurrent. Sporophytes not seen.

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1. Costae double, less than 1/6 the leaf length; leaves, especially young leaves, strongly secund; usually shortly acute at apex; median leaf cells 70–90 µm long; alar cells often inflated, thin-walled................... 1. S. scorpioides
1. Costae double, usually reaching ca. 1/3 the leaf length; leaves not or only slightly secund; usually obtusely apiculate at apex; median leaf cells 35–40 µm long; alar cells often not inflated, thick-walled.................. 2. S. turgescens
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