鳞藓科 lin xian ke
by Gao Chien and Fu Xing
Plants slender, densely tufted, yellowish green, not glossy or weakly glossy. Stems creeping, apices ascending, irregularly pinnately branched or irregularly densely branched, branches often julaceous. Leaves homogeneous, cymbiform or rounded-cucullate, apices obtuse or apiculate; leaf margins unistratose, incurved, entire or ciliated or serrate; costae short and weak, single or branched, inconspicuous or absent; leaf cells oval or oblong-elliptic, often grossly unipapillose. Dioicous. Male inflorescences terminally at the apices of branches; female inflorescences growing on stems. Perichaetial leaves differentiated, mostly broadly lanceolate. Setae short or elongate, slender, smooth, red or reddish brown; capsules erect, oblong-ovoid, rarely curved, erecto-patent or horizontal; stomata rare, phenotype; peristome double; exostome teeth lanceolate, combined at base, lightly yellow above, keeled, with zig-zag median line, lamellae conspicuous, sometimes bordered, lamellae high on inner side; endostome segments nearly as long as exostome teeth, yellowish or hyaline, linear, perforate, or sometimes endostome rudimentary; basal membrane high; cilia none or short to elongate; opercula conic, with short or long beaks. Calyptrae cucullate, smooth. Spores finely roughened or nearly smooth.