1. Taxithelium alare Broth. 长柄麻锦藓 chang bing ma jin xian
Philipp. J. Sci. 3: 28. 1908. Type: the Philippines.
Plants slender, yellowish green, glossy, in dense mats. Main stems prostrate, subpinnately branched; branches ca. 1 cm long, 1.5–2.0 mm wide with leaves. Leaves densely arranged, erect to obliquely spreading, narrowly ovate-lanceolate, gradually constricted into a piliform apex, concave, ca. 2 mm × 0.3 mm; margins plane, serrulate above; leaf cells narrowly linear, 45–60 µm × ca. 3 µm, pluripapillose; alar region clearly differentiated from the cells above, consisting of 3–4 yellowish, inflated, oval cells. Inner perichaetial leaves long acuminate, serrulate at margins. Setae slender, reddish, smooth, 2–3 cm long; capsules small, slightly inclined, ca. 1 mm long; opercula shortly rostrate, ca. 0.5 mm long.