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Published In: Monsunia, Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Vegetation des Süd- und Ostasiatischen Monsungebietes 1: 51. 1899. (Monsunia) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 4/2/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
Illustrations: Taxithelium nepalense (Schwägr.) Broth. (Figs. 1–9.)
Map: Taxithelium nepalense (Schwägr.) Broth. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
Habitat: mostly on rotten logs or tree trunks.
Distribution: China, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Fiji, and Central Africa.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Guangdong: Mt. Dinghu, Redfearn 34370 (MO). Hainan: Baipo, Q. He 1027, 1115, 1141, 2915, 2918, 2921, 2925, 2932, 2941, 2955, 2994, 3006, 3008, 3009, 3025, 3085, 3086, 3109 (all in PE); Mt. Jianfengling, P.-C. Chen et al. 19 (MO, PE); Shipin, Q. He 1110 (PE). Yunnan: Jing-hong Co., Redfearn 33719 (MO).


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2. Taxithelium nepalense (Schwaegr.) Broth.   尼泊尔麻锦藓   ni po er ma jin xian
Monsunia 1: 51. 1899.Trichosteleum nepalense (Schwaegr.) Jaeg., Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1876–77: 142. 1878. Stereodon nepalense (Schwaegr.) Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 2: 100. 1859. Hypnum nepalense Schwaegr., Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 3(1): 226. 1828. Type: Nepal. Wallich s.n.
Hypnum punctulatum Harv. in Hook., Icon. Pl. 1: 13. f. 10. 1836, hom. illeg.
Taxithelium turgidellum (C. Müll.) Par., Index Bryol. ed. 2, 4: 358. 1905. Trichosteleum turgidellum (C. Müll.) Kindb., Enum. Bryin. Exot., Suppl. 2, 104. 1891. Hypnum turgidellum C. Müll., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 5: 87. 1883.
Trichosteleum trochalophyllum Hampe in Jaeg., Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1876–77: 414. 1878.
Plants robust, yellowish green, not glossy or slightly glossy, in dense mats. Main stems prostrate, elongate, irregularly branched with short and long branches; branches usually cylindrical in cross section, sometimes slightly flat. Leaves densely arranged, erect-spreading, strongly concave, broadly ovate, acute at apex, ca. 1.1 mm × 0.45 mm; margins plane, crenulate near apex; costae absent; leaf cells fusiform, ca. 38 µm ´ 6 mm, clearly multipapillose in one row; basal cells similar to the upper cells, but with larger papillae; alar cells smooth, rectangular, not inflated. Sporophytes on main stems. Inner perichaetial leaves long, narrow, erect. Setae erect, ca. 1.7 cm long, smooth; capsules inclined to horizontal, slightly curved, constricted below mouth when dry, ovoid, ca. 1.28 mm × 0.5 mm; opercula conic, slenderly rostrate; peristome double; hypnoid; exostome teeth ca. 330 mm high; basal membrane high; cilium 1. Calyptrae campanulate. Spores 13–18 mm in diameter.


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