Home Moss Flora of China
Name Search
Moss Checklist
Moss Flora
Guide to Authors
!Hypnum cupressiforme Hedw. Search in The Plant ListSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical GardenSearch in Flora do Brasil 2020Search in Reflora - Virtual HerbariumSearch in Living Collections Decrease font Increase font Restore font

Published In: Species Muscorum Frondosorum 291. 1801. (Sp. Musc. Frond.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 4/2/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 4/2/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 4/2/2009)
Related Objects:
Illustrations: P.-C. Wu & Y. Jia (eds.) (2004), Pl. 55, figs. 1–12.

Click here for distribution map.

Map: Hypnum cupressiforme Hedw. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 4/2/2009)
Habitat: on trunks, rotten wood, barks, thin soil over rocks, or soil; alt. 170–4000 m.
Distribution: China, Japan, Korea, India, Sikkim, Mongolia, Russia, Europe, Africa, North and South America, and Australia.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 4/2/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Anhui: Mt. Huangshan, M. Zang s.n. (HKAS). Fujian: Nan-jing Co., G.-C. Zhang & J.-Y. Feng 431 (MO). Gansu: Yu-zhong Co., M.-X. Zhang 4357 (XBGH). Guangxi: Long-sheng Co., Hua-ping District, Y.-X. Fang s.n. (IFSBH). Guizhou: Mt. Fanjing, Guiyang Teachers’ Univ. Biol. Dept. 52 (GNUB). Hunan: Hui-tong Co., Y.-X. Fang s.n. (IFSBH). Jiangxi: Mt. Lushan, E.-Z. Bai 36996, 37089, 37137 (all in IFSBH); Mt. Sanqing, E.-Z. Bai 37165 (IFSBH). Jilin: Mt. Jian, C. Gao 7848 (IFSBH). Liaoning: Lu-da City, Y.-C. Zhu 1117, 1193, 1305 (all in IFSBH). Shaanxi: Chang-an Co., M.-X. Zhang & J.-Z. Zhang 2428 (XNGH); Hu Co., Z.-P. Wei 4630 (XBGH); Mt. Taibai, Y.-B. Hou 84-420 (XBGH); West Mt. Taibai, Z.-P. Wei 6207 (XBGH). Shandong: Mt. Laoshan, C. Gao & E.-Z. Bai 34372 (MO). Shanxi: Ning-wu Co., C. Gao 30786, 30806, 30877 (all in IFSBH). Sichuan: A-ba Co., S. He 31038 (MO, PE); Ba-tang Co., S. He 31544 (MO, PE); Dao-cheng Co., M.-Z. Wang 814234a (PE); Liang-shan Co., G.-C. Zhang & T. Cao 21720 (IFSBH); Ma-er-kang Co., S. He 31161 (MO, PE); Mu-li Co., M.-Z. Wang 23743 (PE); Nan-ping Co., S. He 30357a (MO); Ruo-er-gai Co., S. He 30649 (MO, PE); Song-pan Co., Allen 7256 (MO), S. He 30532a (MO); Wo-long Co., S.-M. Yu 37 (HKAS); Xi-yang Co., X.-J. Li s.n. (HKAS). Taiwan: Miao-li Co., Shevock 18075 (CAS, MO); Tai-chung Co., Shevock 18009 (CAS, MO). Xinjiang: Akto Co., Y. Xia 13 (XBGH); Barkol Kazak Co., J.-C. Zhao 0828 (XBGH); Bole Co., Y. Fei 07 (HKAS); Ha-mi Co., J.-C. Zhao 4577 (XBGH); Ku-che Co., S. He 951208 (MO); Mt. Bogeda, J.-C. Zhao 03070 (XBGH); Mt. Tianshan, D.-M. Qiu 4257, 4295, 4316b (all in XBGH); Urum-qi Co., S. He 951022 (MO); Wu-su Co., S. He 951111 (MO). Xizang: De-ge Co., M. Zang 5358 (HKAS); Lang Co., M. Zang 1888 (HKAS); Ya-dong Co., W.-L. Tan 42 (HKAS); Zou-gong Co., D.-C. Zhang 7357 (HKAS). Yunnan: Da-li Co., S.-E. Liu 017377 (HKAS); De-qin Co., M. Zang 8710 (HKAS); He-kou Co., J.-P. Hu 7 (HKAS); Hong-he Co., M. Zang 400 (HKAS); Li-jiang Co., X.-J. Li 85727 (HKAS); Lu-xi Co., X.-Y. Jia 910177 (MO), X.-J. Li 81 (HKAS); Mei-li Co., M. Zang s.n. (HKAS); Mt. Yulong, M. Zang 1637 (HKAS); Teng-chong Co., Unknown Collector 35 (HKAS); Yi-liang Co., S.-K. Chen 78-21a (HKAS); Yuan-yang Co., M. Zang 4759, 4865 (both in HKAS); Zhong-dian Co., X.-J. Li 81-1376 (HKAS).

Notes     (Last Modified On 4/2/2009)
general taxon notes:
Hypnum cupressiforme is characterized by having numerous thick-walled alar cells that are formed in a distinct group in constrast to other leaf cells. It varies greatly in habit, so that numerous varieties were recognized.


Export To PDF Export To Word


4. Hypnum cupressiforme Hedw.   灰藓   hui xian
Sp. Musc. Frond. 219. 1801. Stereodon cupressiformis (Hedw.) Brid. ex Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 1: 96. 1859. Cupressina cupressiformis (Hedw.) C. Müll., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 3: 119. 1896. Drepanium cupressiforme (Hedw.) G. Roth, Eur. Laubm. 2: 621. 1904. Type: Europe.
Hypnum cupressiforme var. lacunosum Brid., Musc. Recent. 2(2): 136. 1801.
Hypnum filare (C. Müll.) Par., Index Bryol. Suppl. 200. 1900. Cupressina filaris C. Müll., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 3: 122. 1896. Type: China. Shaanxi (Schen-si), Si-ku-tziu-san, July 1894, Giraldi s.n.
Plants medium-sized, up to 10 cm long, green or yellowish green, brownish or dark green, glossy, in dense patches. Stems slender, creeping or ascending, irregularly to regularly pinnately branched, branches 3–5 mm long; in stem cross section central strand developed, epidermal cells small, thick-walled; pseudoparaphyllia few, foliose or shortly lanceolate. Stem leaves and branch leaves similar, dense, falcate-secund, elliptic-lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, sometimes narrowly lanceolate, concave, plane, gradually acuminate, 1.6–2.2 mm × 0.5–0.8 mm; margins entire or serrulate above; costae double, short or indistinct; median and upper leaf cells narrowly rhomboidal, 29–40 µm × 3.0–4.3 µm, thin-walled or slightly thick-walled; basal cells wider, thick-walled, porose; alar cells numerous, small, quadrate to hexagonal, hyaline or yellowish brown, with 6–15 cells extending along the margin. Dioicous. Setae elongate, 1–3 cm long, reddish; capsules erect or inclined, cylindrical, curved when old; opercula conic, rostrate; annuli developed, in 2 rows; peristome teeth normal, with 1–2 long cilia. Spores 12–20 µm in diameter, minutely papillose.


© 2018 Missouri Botanical Garden - 4344 Shaw Boulevard - Saint Louis, Missouri 63110