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Published In: Denkschriften der Bayerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft in Regensburg 3: 142. 1841. (Denkschr. Bayer. Bot. Ges. Regensburg) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)
Illustrations: Physcomitrium eurystomum Sendtn. (Figs. 1–8.)
Map: Physcomitrium eurystomum Sendtn. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)

Habitat: on moist forest ground and farmlands or around houses.

Distribution: China, Japan, Vietnam, India, Russia, Europe, and Africa.


Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)
Specimens Examined:

Chinese specimens examined: Anhui: She Co., Mt. Huangshan, D.-K. Li 2470 (HKAS, SHM). Chongqing: P.-C. Chen 703 (HKAS, PE). Fujian: Mt. Wuyi, P.-C. Chen 120 (HKAS); Xia-ming City, D.-K. Li 1432 (HKAS, SHM). Guangdong: Guang-zhou City, B.-T. Li 15666 (HKAS). Guangxi: Lin-gui Co., P.-C. Wu 8424 (HKAS, PE). Heilongjiang: Da Xing An Ling (Greater Khingan Mt.), Z.-W. Ao 3012 (HKAS); Shang-zhi Co., C. Gao 3130 (HKAS, IFSBH). Hong Kong: Botanical Garden, Iwatsuki 23676 (NICH). Jilin: Jiao-he Co., Lao-ye-ling, R.-L. Lu 20023 (HKAS). Jiangsu: Hai-men Co., Q. Wang 2939 (HKAS, NAS); Ju-rong Co., P.-P. Lin 105 (HKAS, NAS); Nan-jing City, P.-P. Lin 1615 (HKAS, NAS). Nei Mongol: Horqin Youyi Qian-qi (Co.), C. Gao 3012 (IFSBH). Shanghai: Jin-shan Co., D.-K. Li 1079 (SHM). Sichuan: Guang-an Co., P.-C. Chen 800 (HKAS, PE); Qu Co., P.-C. Chen 771 (HKAS, PE); Qing Co., Q. Li 930 (HKAS); Ya-an Co., Q. Li 941 (HKAS); Yong-chuan Co., P.-C. Chen 1192 (HKAS, PE). Xizang: Mo-tuo Co., Y.-G. Su 3266 (HKAS). Yunnan: Gong-shan Co., Du-long-jiang, D.-C. Zhang 2998c (HKAS); Kun-ming City, Q. Li 6 (HKAS). Zhejiang: Lin-an Co., D.-K. Li 3613 (HKAS, SHM).


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3. Physcomitrium eurystomum Sendtn.   红蒴立碗藓   hong-shuo li-wan xian
Denkschr. Bayer. Bot. Ges. Regensburg 3: 142. 1841. Gymnostomum eurystomum (Sendtn.) Lindb. & Arnell, Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 23(10): 57. 1890. Type. Austria.
Physcomitrium esquirolii Thér., in sched. China: Kweichow, Esquirol s.n.
Physcomitrium eurystomum subsp. acuminatum (Bruch. & Schimp.) Giacom., Atti Ist. Bot. “Giovanni Briosi” ser. 5, 4: 227. 1947. Physcomitrium acuminatum Bruch & Schimp. in B.S.G., Bryol. Eur. 3: 247. tab. 300 (fasc. 11. Monogr. 11). 1841. Gymnostomum acuminatum Schleich., Cat. Pl. Helv. (ed. 4) 40. 1821, nom. nud.
Physcomitrium higoense Sak., J. Jap. Bot. 28: 56. 1953.
Physcomitrium savatieri Besch., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 7, 17: 340. 1893.
Physcomitrium spurio-acuminatum Dix., Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 7: 107. 1934. Type. China: Liaoning (Ryonei), Mt. Matenrei, Kobayashi 3977.

Plants very small, bright green to yellowish green, gregarious or in loose tufts. Stems erect, simple, 2–5 mm high, with many rhizoids at base. Leaves often crowded at stem tips, rosulate, obovate, smaller at lower stems, ca. 1.5 mm × 0.8 mm, larger at upper stems, 2.5–3.5 mm × 1.3 mm, acute or shortly apiculate at apex; margins entire; costa yellowish, percurrent; median and upper leaf cells oblong-hexagonal to elliptic-hexagonal, 54–65 µm × 35–42 µm; basal cells rectangular, 90–130 µm × 40–60 µm. Autoicous. Setae slender, 5–11 mm long, light yellowish to yellowish brown; capsules subspherical, with a very short neck, mouth wide; opercula low-conic to slightly convex; annuli narrow; peristome absent. Calyptrae inflated-mitrate, long-rostrate. Spores irregularly spherical, 25–39 µm in diameter, dark brown, densely and spinulosely papillose.





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