10. Brachymenium nepalense Hook. in Schwaegr. 短月藓 duan yue xian
Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 2(1): 131. 1824. Bryum nepalense (Hook.) Dozy & Molk., Musci Frond. Ined. Archip. Ind. 1: 12, hom. illeg. Type: Nepal.
Brachymenium nepalense var. clavulum (Mitt.) Ochi, Rev. Bry. Japan 50. 1959. Brachymenium clavulum Mitt., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 3: 165. 1891.
Brachymenium parvulum Broth., Symb. Sin. 4: 54. 1929. Type: China. Sichuan, Hui-li Co., Handel-Mazzetti 881.
Plants medium-sized, rather thick, 10–20 mm high, not or slightly glossy, in dense tufts. Stems erect, with numerous innovated branches and reddish brown rhizoids at base. Leaves usually crowded, forming rosettes at top of branches, lower leaves smaller, flexuous or twisted when dry, oblong-ligulate, oblong-spathulate or oblong-ovate, acuminate; margins entire, recurved nearly throughout except at apex, serrulate in the upper part; costae strong, excurrent, ending in long awns; upper margins consisting of 1–3 rows of narrowed cells; median cells rhombic or hexagonal, more or less thin-walled; basal cells shortly rectangular to nearly quadrate. Autoicous. Perichaetial leaves short and narrowed; perigonial leaves small, shortly ovate. Setae straight or slightly twisted; capsules erect, pyriform to club-shaped, neck thick, ca. 3.5–5.5 mm long; opercula conic; exostome teeth lanceolate, yellowish brown below, pale or hyaline above, papillose; endostome segments absent or reduced, pale yellowish brown. Spores 25–35 µm in diameter, minutely papillose.