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Published In: Species Muscorum Frondosorum, Supplementum Secundum 2: 131. pl. 135. 1824. (Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 2) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/17/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)
Illustrations: Brachymenium nepalense Hook. (Figs. 11–17.)
Map: Brachymenium nepalense Hook. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)
Habitat: usually on tree trunks; alt. 1500–2200 m.
Distribution: China, Japan, Nepal, Southeast Asia, Papua New Guinea, South Africa, and Madagascar.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Gansu: Wen Co., D.-Q. Lu & M.-X. Zhang 105 (HKAS, WUG). Guangxi: Rong-shui Co., X.-L. He 00360 (MO, PE), Y. Jia 00240a (MO), M.-Z. Wang 46184 (MO). Heilongjiang: Dai-ling, C. Gao 268 (HKAS, IFSBH). Nei Mongol: Hai-laer City, X.-L. Bai 2740 (HIMC). Shaanxi: Mt. Taibai, Z.-P. Wei 6064 (HKAS, WUG). Shandong: Mt. Lao, C. Gao 36942 (IFSBH). Sichuan: Nan-ping Co., S. He 30170a, 30196 (both in MO); Yan-bian Co., L.-S. Wang 179, 249 (both in HKAS). Taiwan: Kao-hsiung Co., S.-H. Lin 155 (MO); Tai-chung Co., Shevock 18125 (CAS, MO). Xizang: Ya-dong Co., S.-K. Chen 5006 (HKAS). Yunnan: De-qin Co., D.-C. Zhang 230 (HKAS); Bi-jiang Co., M. Zang 5709 (HKAS); Jing-hong Co., Redfearn 33926b (MO), Y.-G. Su 5507 (HKAS); Kunming City, Koponen 37409 (H, MO), Redfearn et al. 1975 (MO); Meng-hai Co., J.-X. Luo 86419 (MO), W.-X. Xu 6007 (MO); Mt. Gongshan, X.-Y. Jia 910249a (MO); Teng-chong Co., R.-L. Hu 625 (MO).


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10. Brachymenium nepalense Hook. in Schwaegr.   短月藓   duan yue xian
Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 2(1): 131. 1824. Bryum nepalense (Hook.) Dozy & Molk., Musci Frond. Ined. Archip. Ind. 1: 12, hom. illeg. Type: Nepal.
Brachymenium nepalense var. clavulum (Mitt.) Ochi, Rev. Bry. Japan 50. 1959. Brachymenium clavulum Mitt., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 3: 165. 1891.
Brachymenium parvulum Broth., Symb. Sin. 4: 54. 1929. Type: China. Sichuan, Hui-li Co., Handel-Mazzetti 881.


Plants medium-sized, rather thick, 10–20 mm high, not or slightly glossy, in dense tufts. Stems erect, with numerous innovated branches and reddish brown rhizoids at base. Leaves usually crowded, forming rosettes at top of branches, lower leaves smaller, flexuous or twisted when dry, oblong-ligulate, oblong-spathulate or oblong-ovate, acuminate; margins entire, recurved nearly throughout except at apex, serrulate in the upper part; costae strong, excurrent, ending in long awns; upper margins consisting of 1–3 rows of narrowed cells; median cells rhombic or hexagonal, more or less thin-walled; basal cells shortly rectangular to nearly quadrate. Autoicous. Perichaetial leaves short and narrowed; perigonial leaves small, shortly ovate. Setae straight or slightly twisted; capsules erect, pyriform to club-shaped, neck thick, ca. 3.5–5.5 mm long; opercula conic; exostome teeth lanceolate, yellowish brown below, pale or hyaline above, papillose; endostome segments absent or reduced, pale yellowish brown. Spores 25–35 µm in diameter, minutely papillose.


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