1. Bryoerythrophyllum alpigenum (Vent.) P.-C. Chen 高山红叶藓 gao-shan hong-ye xian
Hedwigia 80: 257. 1941. Didymodon alpigenus Vent. in Jur., Laubm.-Fl. Oesterr.-Ung. 98. 1882. Trichostomum alpigenum Vent. in Lampr., Laubm. Deutschl. 1: 547. 1888, nom. nud. Type. Europe.
Plants medium-sized to large, 2–4 cm high, deep green or reddish brown, in loose tufts. Stems erect, simple; central strand present. Leaves oblong to ovate-lanceolate with a broad base, gradually acute at the apex; lower margins recurved, upper margins more or less plane, irregularly dentate; costa strong, ending in a few cells below the apex; upper leaf cells quadrate to hexagonal, rather thin-walled, mostly reddish, usually with round or C-shaped papillae; basal cells mostly rectangular, usually smooth, hyaline. Dioicous. Setae ca. 2 cm long; capsules often erect, or slightly inclined, cylindrical; peristome teeth reddish, linear-lanceolate, densely papillose; opercula shortly rostrate. Spores reddish, smooth.