2. Dicranella austro-sinensis Herz. & Dix. in Dix. 华南小曲尾藓 hua-nan xiao qu-wei xian
Hong Kong Naturalist, Suppl. 2: 3. 1933. Type. China: Guangdong, Tongtowka, Husek 4 (holotype BM).
Plants small, 5–10 mm high, yellowish green, in loose tufts. Stems erect, often simple, rarely sparsely branched. Leaves appressed, smaller below, larger and crowded above, contorted when dry, erect-spreading when moist, upper leaves rather abruptly narrowed from an oblong-ovate, somewhat sheathing base to a long, subulate, sometimes keeled, acumen; margins plane, entire or only serrulate near the apex; costa stout, subpercurrent to percurrent, smooth at back; upper cells linear, thick-walled; lower cells short-rectangular. Dioicous. Perichaetial leaves convolute-sheathing, abruptly long-subulate. Setae straight, up to 8 mm long, yellowish; capsules cylindric, pale yellowish, exothecial cells hexagonal; opercula stoutly short-rostrate; annuli in 1–2 rows of cells, deciduous; peristome teeth reddish brown, divided to the middle, papillosely vertically striate. Spores not seen.