5. Dicranoloma dicarpum (Nees) Paris 锦叶藓 jin-ye xian
Index Bryol. (ed. 2) 2: 26. 1904. Dicranum dicarpum Nees in Spreng. Syst. Veg. F. Peru. Chil. 4 (2): 322. 1827. Type. Australia.
Dicranoloma kwangtungense Chen, Contr. Inst. Biol. Coll. Sci. Natl. Centr. Univ. Chungking 1: 2. 1943. Type. China: Guangdong, Bei-jiang (Pe-chiang) Co., Yao Shan (Mt.), S.-S. Sin 71274 (holotype IBSC).
Plants medium-sized, up to 5 cm high, pale green to yellowish green, shiny, in dense tufts. Stems erect, simple or branched, densely radiculose below; central strand present. Leaves erect-spreading when moist, flexuose when dry, lanceolate, gradually narrowed from an oblong-ovate base to a long-acuminate, setaceous apex; margins plane or involuted, entire below, serrulate above the middle, bordered by 2–3 rows of linear, thick-walled cells; costa slender, subpercurrent to excurrent, smooth to weakly ridged or slightly serrulate at back above, showing a few isolated groups of stereids intermixed with the large guide cells in transverse section; laminal cells short-rectangular to elongate-rectangular, thick-walled, porose; alar cells quadrate to hexagonal, thick-walled. Dioicous. Perichaetial leaves convolutedly sheathing, abruptly subulate. Setae often 2–3 per perichaetium, ca. 1.5 cm long, brownish; capsules erect, cylindric, yellowish brown, not furrowed when dry; opercula long-rostrate; peristome teeth lanceolate, divided down to the middle, striate below, papillose above. Spores not seen.