9. Distichophyllum osterwaldii Fleisch. 大型黄藓 da-xing huang xian
Musci Buitenzorg 3: 994. 1908. Type. Indonesia: Java.
Plants medium-sized to large, loosely tufted. Stems ascending, 1.5–3.0 cm tall, laxly foliate, complanate, 4 mm wide with leaves when dry. Leaves strongly undulate, twisted when dry, lingulate, obovate to spathulate from a narrow leaf base, 1.5–3.0 mm × 1.0–1.5 mm, broadly rounded, muticous, slightly denticulate at apex, otherwise entire; leaf border distinct only in the lower half of the leaf, narrow, consisting of 1–2 rows of linear cells; costa slender, reaching 3/4 the leaf length; paracostal laminal cells (18–)23–33 µm wide, rounded hexagonal, becoming slightly smaller submarginally and apically, shortly rectangular at base, 38–45(–67) µm × 11–23 µm. Sporophytes lateral; setae 5–10 mm long, strongly papillose throughout; capsules ovoid-oblong, 1 mm long.