1. Encalypta alpina Smith in Smith & Sowerby 高山大帽藓 gao-shan da-mao xian
Engl. Bot. 20: 149. 1805. Type. Scotland: Ben Lawers, October 1804, G. Don s.n. (lectotype BM).
Encalypta commutata Nees, Hornsch. & Sturm, Bryol. Germ. 2: 46. 1827.
Encalypta giraldii C. Müll., Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. ser. 5: 173. 1898. Type. China: Shaanxi (Schen-si), Mt. Tui-kio, X 1896, Giraldi s.n. (lectotype H-BR).
Plants medium-sized to large, sometimes robust, 1.0–3.0 cm high, yellowish green above, brown below, in dense tufts. Stems simple or sparsely branched; central strand not well developed. Leaves slightly twisted when dry, erect-spreading when moist, 2.8–3.5 mm long, ovate-lanceolate to narrowly ovate-lanceolate, tapering gradually to the apex, with a short or long apiculus; margins plane; costa single, strong, excurrent; upper cells small, irregularly quadrate, 10–13 µm wide, with dense papillae, obscure; basal cells oblong to elongate, 40–53 µm × 10–15 µm, with reddish brown, thickened transverse walls, basal marginal cells linear, of 3–5 rows, 57–58 µm × 5–8 µm, thin-walled. Autoicous. Perichaetial leaves similar to upper stem leaves. Setae reddish, 7–10 mm long, erect, twisted above when dry; capsules erect, cylindric to narrowly cylindric, 2–3 mm long, smooth or nearly so; peristome absent; annuli undifferentiated; opercula with a long, erect beak. Calyptrae large, golden brown, cylindric to narrowly cylindric, with a short rostrum, about 1/4–1/3 the length of calyptra, lacerate at the base. Spores 30–33 µm in diameter, yellowish brown, irregularly papillose.