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Published In: Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany 10: 174. 1868. (J. Linn. Soc., Bot.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/18/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 8/11/2011)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 8/11/2011)
Related Objects:
Illustrations: X.-J. Li (ed.) 2006 (Pl. 63, figs. 7–11).

Click here for distribution map.

Distribution     (Last Modified On 8/11/2011)
Habitat: on tree bases or rocks and wet soil; alt. 770–2275 m.
Distribution: China, Asia, North and South America, Africa, and Australia.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 8/11/2011)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Fujian: Mt. Wuyi, D.-K. Li 12236 (HKAS, SHM); Ning-de Co., J. Zhu 575 (HKAS). Guangdong: Yang-shan Co., L. Deng 1415 (MO). Guangxi: Rong-shui Co., X.-L. He 00098 (MO), M.-Z. Wang 46416 (MO, PE); Xing-an Co., S.-S. Hu 80108 (MO). Hainan: Le-dong Co., X.-J. Li 89-418 (HKAS); Mt. Jianfengling, P.-J. Lin 3785 (IBSC, MO). Hunan: Yi-zhang Co., C. Gao et al. 850 (HKAS, IFSBH). Jiangxi: Mt. Jinggang, D.-K. Li 17151 (HKAS); Mt. Sanqing, X.-M. Shao 1126 (HKAS). Taiwan: Hsing-chu Co., C. Gao et al. 980394 (HKAS, IFSBH), Shevock 18187 (CAS, MO); Ilan Co., Shevock 18241 (CAS, MO); Kao-hsiung Co., C.-C. Chuang 1027 (MO); Nan-tou Co., S. He 36289, 36526 (both in MO), Shevock 14458 (CAS, MO); Miao-li Co., Shevock 14338 (CAS, MO); Tai-chung Co., C. Gao et al. 981186 (HKAS, IFSBH), M.-J. Lai 9992 (MO). Xizang: Mo-tuo Co., Y.-G. Su 4776, 4779 (both in HKAS). Yunnan: Gong-shan Co., M. Zang 3580 (HKAS); Yi-liang Co., X.-J. Li 4484 (HKAS). Zhejiang: Mt. Fengyang, X. Zhang 94261 (HKAS); Mt. Jiulong, Z.-L. Liu 569 (HKAS); Mt. Nanyantang, C. Gao 767, 775 (both in HKAS, IFSBH).


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3. Pyrrhobryum spiniforme (Hedw.) Mitt.   刺叶桧藓   ci ye hui xian
J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 10: 174. 1868. Mnium spiniforme (Hedw.) C. Müll., Syn. Musc. Frond. 1: 175. 1848. Rhizogonium spiniforme (Hedw.) Bruch in Krauss, Flora 29: 134. 1846. Hypnum spiniforme Hedw., Sp. Musc. Frond. 236. 1801. Type: Europe.
Rhizogonium armatum Sak., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 55: 207. f. 5. 1941.
Plants slender, stiff, yellowish green above, brownish to dark brown below, in loose tufts. Stems erect, 4–6 cm high, simple, with dense rhizoids at base. Leaves sparse, erect-spreading when dry, linear-lanceolate to linear, slender; margins differentiated, with 2–4 layers of thick-walled cells, single- or double-toothed nearly throughout; costae percurrent, dentate at back; leaf cells nearly isodiametric, or rounded-quadrate, rounded-hexagonal, thick-walled. Synoicous or autoicous. Setae solitary, arising from the base of stems, slender, ca. 4.0 cm long; capsules inclined, oblong-ovoid to short-cylindrical, longitudinally plicate; opercula rostrate; peristome double; endostomal basal membrane high; cilia 2–3, well developed, nodulose. Calyptrae cucullate, smooth. Spores spherical, ca. 15–18 µm in diameter, smooth or minutely roughened.


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