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Published In: Species Muscorum Frondosorum, Supplementum Primum 2: 78. pl. 66. 1816. (Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 1) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
Related Objects:
Illustrations: X.-J. Li (ed.) 2000 (Pl. 36, figs. 7–12).

Click here for distribution map.
Map: Funaria muehlenbergii Turner (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
Habitat: on forest ground, roadsides, soil banks near streams or sometimes on rocks.
Distribution: China, Russia, Europe, and North America.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Chongqing: Ba Co., P.-C. Chen 1462 (HKAS). Guizhou: Chi-shui Co., J.-R. Xue 7751 (HKAS). Heilongjiang: Xiao Xing An Ling (Lesser Khingan Mt.), C. Gao 1520 (HKAS, IFSBH). Jiangsu: Nan-jing City, P.-P. Lin 12 (HKAS, NAS). Jilin: Jiao-he Co., C. Gao 1369 (HKAS, IFSBH). Liaoning: Ben-xi Co., C. Gao 8522 (HKAS, IFSBH). Shaanxi: Mt. Huashan, D.-K. Li 15099 (HKAS, SHM). Shanxi: Shu-yang Co., Lu-jia-zhuang, M. Zang 960 (HKAS). Sichuan: Du-kou Co., X.-X. Huang 135 (HKAS); Mt. Omei, P.-J. Lin (HKAS); Ya-jiang Co., Chuo-si-jia, No. 8 Forest Team 2394 (HKAS). Xinjiang: Qi-tai Co., R.-L. Hu 93450 (HKAS, HSNU). Yunnan: Bin-chuan Co., M.-K. Cui 666a (HKAS); Fu-gong Co., J.-X. Xi 540 (HKAS); Si-mao Co., W.-X. Xu 11205 (HKAS); Zhong-dian Co., X.-J. Li 81-1493a (HKAS).


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6. Funaria muhlenbergii Turn.   刺边葫芦藓   ci-bian hu-lu xian
Ann. Bot. (Konig & Sims) 2: 198. 1804[1805]. Entosthodon muhlenbergii (Turn.) Fife, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 58: 192. 1985. Type. England: Copgrove, Dalton s.n.
Funaria calcarea Wahlenb., Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 27: 137. pl. 4. f. 2. 1806.
Funaria dentata subsp. hibernica (Hook. f.) Giacom., Atti Ist. Bot. “Giovanni Briosi” ser. 5, 4: 228. 1947. Funaria dentata var. hibernica (Hook. f.) Loesk., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Sonderbeih. B, B(2): 61. 1929. Funaria hibernica Hook. f. in Curt., Fl. Londin. (ed. 2), 2: 378. 1817.
Funaria dentata subsp. mediterranea (Lindb.) Amann, Fl. Mouss. Suisse 2: 174. 1918. Funaria dentata var. mediterranea (Lindb.) Limpr., Laubm. Deutschl. 2: 197. 1891. Funaria mediterranea Lindb., Öfvers. Förh. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. 20: 399. 1863.
Funaria mediterranea var. dentata (Crome) Mach., Cat. Descr. Briol. Portug. 74. 1918. Funaria dentata Crome, Samml. Deut. Laubm. 2: 26. 1806.
Plants small to tiny, yellowish green, gregarious or in loose tufts. Stems simple, short, slender, 2.5–5.0 mm long. Leaves crowded at stem tips, rosulate, oblong-obovate to obovate, 1.2–3.0 mm × 0.5–1.0 mm, rather abruptly acute at apex, sometimes piliferous; margins entire below, denticulate above; costa often percurrent, sometimes ending just a few cells below leaf apex; leaf cells lax, thin-walled, upper cells oblong-hexagonal to irregularly short-rectangular, 30–45 µm × 20–27 µm; basal cells longer, 45–65 µm × 35–45 µm. Autoicous. Setae reddish brown, 0.8–1.5 cm long; capsules strongly inclined to horizontal, pyriform, asymmetric, 1.2–2.0 mm × 1.0–1.2 mm, apophyses distinctly developed, mouth wide; opercula flat-conic, slightly convex; annuli none; peristome double; exostome teeth lanceolate, reddish brown, strongly trabeculate; endostome segments ca. 1/2–3/4 the length of the teeth. Calyptrae inflated-cucullate, long-rostrate. Spores spherical, 20–30 µm in diameter.
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