2. Grimmia atrata Mielich. ex Hornsch. 黑色紫萼藓 hei-se zi-e xian
Flora 2: 85. 1819. Dryptodon atratus (Meilich. ex Hornsch.) Hartm., Handb. Skand. Fl. (ed. 3), 271. 1838. Type. Austria: “In Salzburg, an Felsen bei der Grube Schwarzwand in der Grosarl. Iul.” (lectotype B, designated by Deguchi 1978).
Plants up to 2.5 cm high, in dense or loose tufts, dark green to yellowish green above, blackish below. Stems erect, simple or sparsely branched, with poorly developed central strand in transverse section. Leaves appressed and somewhat twisted in upper part when dry, erect-spreading when moist, obtusely keeled, lingulate to lingulate-lanceolate, from an ovate base gradually narrowed to obtuse, somewhat acuminate apex, muticous, 1.5–2.6 mm long; margins recurved on one side at basal part of leaf, plane on other side, bistratose throughout; costa strong, ending below the apex, with small median cells in transverse section; upper cells bistratose, irregularly quadrate, more or less sinuose, 5–6 µm wide; median cells quadrate to short-rectangular, 7–16 µm × 5–7 µm, with thick, sinuose walls; basal marginal cells quadrate to short-rectangular, 12–20 µm × 8–9 µm, with straight to slightly sinuose walls; basal juxtacostal cells elongate, 23–46 µm × 7–9 µm, strongly sinuose. Dioicous. Perichaetial leaves similar to vegetative leaves. Setae long, straight; capsules exserted, erect, elliptic to subcylindric, smooth; exothecial cells rectangular with thin walls; annuli well developed, consisting of elongate, thick-walled cells; opercula with obtuse, straight or slightly oblique beaks; peristome teeth single, lanceolate, erect, perforate above, outer surface coarsely papillose above, moderately papillose below, inner surface papillose throughout. Calyptrae mitriform. Spores yellowish green, 12–16 µm in diameter, granulose.