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Published In: Bryologia Europaea 3: 119. 247 (fasc. 25–28 Mon. 17. 11). 1845. (Bryol. Eur.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
Related Objects:
Illustrations: Muñoz 2000a (Fig. 1); Deguchi 1978 (Fig. 31).

Click here for distribution map.

Map: Grimmia funalis (Schwägr.) Bruch & Schimp. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
Habitat: on rocks; alt. 2950–5100 m.
Distribution: China, Japan, Nepal, Armenia, Ukraine, Turkey, Europe, and North America.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Sichuan: Kang-ding Co., Y. Jia J02381 (MO, PE, determined by J. Muñoz). Xizang: Mt. Qomolungmafeng (Mt. Everest), X.-G. Wang 51 (MO, determined by J. Muñoz).

Notes     (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
general taxon notes:
Grimmia funalis is rather common in Europe, but rare in North America. Muñoz (2000b) recently reported this species from China. It is characterized by having leaves spirally imbricated and appressed around the stem when dry, leaf margins recurved, proximal marginal cells with transverse walls thicker than longitudinal walls, proximal juxtacostal cells rectangular and nodulose, curved setae, and a dioicous sexual condition.


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7. Grimmia funalis (Schwaegr.) Bruch & Schimp. in B.S.G. 绳茎紫萼藓   sheng-jing zi-e xian
Bryol. Eur. 3: 119. tab. 247 (fasc. 25–28). 1845. Racomitrium funale (Schwaegr.) Hueb., Muscol. Germ. 200. 1830. Dryptodon funalis (Schwaegr.) Brid., Bryol. Univ. 1(1): 193. 1826. Campylopus funalis (Schwaegr.) Brid., Muscol. Recent. Suppl. 4: 75. 1819[1818]. Trichostomum funale Schwaegr., Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 1(1): 150. tab. 37. 1811. Type. Poland/Czech Republic border: Ludwig s.n.
Plants small and slender, 0.5–1.0 cm high, olive-green to dark green, in dense tufts or cushions. Stems usually rope-like, sparsely branched, with well developed central strand in cross section. Leaves spirally imbricate or curved when dry, erect-spreading when moist, 1.0–2.0 mm long, narrowly ovate-lanceolate, strongly keeled above, tapering to acute at apex, ending in long, smooth to slightly roughened, often decurrent, hyaline hair-points, up to 2/3 the laminal length; margins usually revolute on one side; costa percurrent, smooth on the back, with nearly undifferentiated ventral and dorsal cells and a few small median cells in cross section; upper and median leaf cells bistratose at least at margins, oblately short-rectangular to rounded-quadrate, 6–8 µm wide, with strongly incrassate to somewhat sinuose walls; basal marginal cells short-rectangular, 15–30 µm × 7–10 µm, hyaline, thin-walled; basal juxtacostal cells elongate-rectangular, 25–50 µm × 7–10 µm, strongly incrassate and sinuose. Dioicous. Perichaetial leaves larger than vegetative leaves, with long, hyaline hair-points, up to or nearly as long as the laminal length. Sporophytes not seen.


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