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Published In: Hedwigia 44: 308. 1905. (Hedwigia) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 4/3/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
Illustrations: Macrothamnium macrocarpum (Reinw. & Hornsch.) M. Fleisch. (Figs. 1–13.)
Map: Macrothamnium macrocarpum (Reinw. & Hornsch.) M. Fleisch. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
Habitat: on rocks, rotten logs, and bark; alt. 1300–2100 m.
Distribution: China, the Himalayas, Japan, Thailand, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, and Hawaii.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Anhui: Mt. Dabieshan, K.-F. Cai 1807 (HSNU). Fujian: Ning-de Co., J. Zhu 679, 997(both in HSNU). Guangxi: Huan-jiang Co., G.-R. Long & C.-M. Zhang H020, H025 (both in PE); Long-sheng Co., P.-C. Wu & Y.-X. Lin 266, 741, 746, 902, 910d, 974, 1044, 1175, 1181b, 1314, 1323, 1863, 1867 (all in PE), J.-M. Jin & S.-S. Hu 746-3 (PE); Mt. Jiuwanshan, G.-R. Long & C.-M. Zhang et al. 117, GSY036 (both in PE); Rong-shui Co., Y. Jia 00112, 00176, 00299a, 00301 (all in PE), X.-L. He H00316, 00343 (both in PE), M.-Z. Wang 46259, 46582, 46583 (all in PE). Guizhou: Mt. Fanjingshan, P.-C. Wu 23737 (PE). Jiangxi: Mt. Wuyishan, Y.-D. Chen & X.-T. Ma 1198a (PE). Taiwan: Nan-tou Co., C.-C. Chuang 477 (PE, UBC); Ping-dong Co., C.-C. Chuang 1390, 1458 (both in PE, UBC); Tai-zhong Co., Sasaoka 2397 (NICH). Xizang: Bo-mi Co., S.-G. Wu 5184a (MO); Cuo-na Co., Xizang Team 7978 (PE); Ding-jie Co., Z.-C. Ni 140a (PE); Lin-zhi Co., Y.-G. Su 2646 (MO); Mo-tuo Co., K.-Y. Lang 440h (PE), Y.-G. Su 3104 (MO); Ya-dong Co., M. Zang 297 (MO). Yunnan: Bao-shan Co., J.-H. Pang 28 (MO); Dulong river, Q.-W. Wang 7031, 7251 (both in PE), M.-Z. Wang 10687, 11145 (both in PE); Fu-gong Co., D.-C. Zhang 893 (MO); Gong-shan Co., M.-Z. Wang 9686d, 9965 (both in PE); Jin-ping Co., Zong-kao Team GB23, GB58 (both in PE); Jing-dong Co., W.-X. Xu 4 (PE); Lu-xi Co., X.-Y. Jia 910115 (MO); Meng-hai Co., W.-X. Xu 6368, 6369 (both in PE), P.-C. Wu 26619, 26702 (both in PE), Puwen Farm, W.-X. Xu 11152, 11183, 11328 (all in PE); Ping-bian Co., M.-Z. Wang 51277 (PE); Rui-li Co., X.-Y. Jia 910163 (MO); Yang-bi Co., Redfearn et al. 198, 688 (both in MO). Zhejiang: Dakang, X. Zhang 94345 (HSNU); Mt. Fengyangshan, R.-L. Zhu 92517 (HSNU); Mt. Jiulongshan, Z.-L. Liu 587 (HSNU); Wuyanling, R.-L. Zhu 445, 474 (both in HSNU).


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3. Macrothamnium macrocarpum(Reinw. & Hornsch.) Fleisch.   南木藓   nan mu xian
Hedwigia 44: 308. 1905. Stereodon macrocarpus (Reinw. & Hornsch.) Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 2: 113. 1859. Hypnum macrocarpum Reinw. & Hornsch., Nova Acta Leop. 14(2) (Suppl.): 725. 41. 1829. Type: Nepal.
Macrothamnium longirostre Dix., Trav. Bryol. (Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 13) 1: 19. 1942.
Plants prostrate, up to 10 cm long. Stems pinnately branched, usually with numerous branches, 10–20 mm long, somewhat curved when dry, usually with flagelliform branchlets at ending; central strand slightly differentiated; pseudoparaphyllia shell-like. Stem leaves widely spreading or somewhat squarrose-recurved, nearly round, obtuse or broadly acute at apex, widely cordate at base; costae double, short, weak, usually not distinct; branch leaves smaller, broadly oblong, obtuse, ca. 0.8 mm × 0.7 mm, usually keeled when dry; median leaf cells linear, 40–50 µm × 4.0–4.5 mm, pitted; basal cells rectangular, partly incrassate; alar cells usually loosely arranged, rectangular. Dioicous. Perichaetia on main stems. Inner perichaetial leaves narrowly lanceolate, with piliform apex, up to 2.5 mm long; margins remotely spinulose-toothed. Setae up to 5 cm long, twisted when dry; capsules inclined or horizontal, oblong-cylindrical, asymmetric, 2.0–3.2 mm × 0.9–1.1 mm; opercula shortly rostrate; peristome double; exostome teeth orange-red, narrowly lanceolate, linear above, finely papillose, cross-striate below; endostome segments linear-lanceolate, keeled, as high as the teeth; cilia 2–3, nodulose. Spores 10–13 µm in diameter.


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