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Published In: Bulletin de la Société Botanique de Genève, Sér. 2 3: 283. 1911. (Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/30/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/5/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 5/5/2009)
Illustrations: Claopodium assurgens (Sull. & Lesq.) Cardot (Figs. 12–21.)
Map: Claopodium assurgens (Sull. & Lesq.) Cardot (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 5/5/2009)
Habitat: under grasses, on tree trunks or shady moist rock surfaces in low mountain regions; alt. 300–580 m.
Distribution: China, India (Assam), and Indonesia.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 5/5/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Chongqing: Jin-fou-shan (Mt.), M. Z. Wang 860567 (PE), X. Y. Hu 71, 503 (PE). Fujian: Ning-de City, J. Zhu 620, 1509 (HSNU). Guangdong: Bo-luo Co., Redfearn et al. 34427 (MO, NY, PC); Mt. Dinghu, Magill et al. 8090 (M), H. Wu B242 (MO); Mt. Lofu, Magill et al. 8124 (MO). Hainan: Chang-jiang Co., Redfearn 35726 (MO, NY); Hai-kou City, Redfearn 35685 (MO); Mt. Jianfengling, P.-C. Chen et al. 16 (MO, PE); Le-dong Co., Redfearn 35941 (MO); Ling-shui Co., Redfearn 36068 (MO, NY). Hong Kong: Amoy Is., Herklots 4C (BM); Mt. Dayushan, Fengwangjing, C.-H. Cao & P. P. H. But 90283d (CUHK). Shaanxi: Mt. Qin-ling, P.-C. Chen 22a (MO); Wei-tze-ping, Licent 88a (BM). Taiwan: Miao-li Co., S.-S. Lin s.n. [Bryophytes of Taiwan Exsiccatae ser. 2, no. 59] (MO); Ping-tung Co., Shevock 15051 (MO); Tai-pei Co., C. C. Chuang 5329 (NY, PE, TAI). Yunnan: Da-li Co., Redfearn et al. 1264 (MO, NY); Jing-hong Co., Magill et al. 7846 (MO); Meng-la Co., Magill et al. 7789 (MO); Meng-lun Co., L. Zhang 849 (IBSC, PE).

Notes     (Last Modified On 5/5/2009)
general taxon notes:
This species with revolute leaf margins is easily distinguished from other species of Claopodium in China.


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2. Claopodium assurgens (Sull. & Lesq.) Card. 大麻羽藓 da ma-yu xian
Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, ser. 2, 3: 283. 1911. Hypnum assurgens Sull. & Lesq., Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sci. 4: 279. 1859. Type. Japan: Kagoshima Pref., Wright s.n.
Claopodium assurgens (Sull. & Lesq.) Card. var. attenuatum Nog., J. Jap. Bot. 14 : 29. 1938. Type. China: Taiwan, Suzuki s.n.
Claopodium crispulum (Bosch & Sande Lac.) Broth., Nat. Pflanzenfam. I(3): 1009. 1908. Pseudoleskea crispula Bosch & Sande Lac., Bryol. Jav. 2: 125, tab. 228. 1865.


Plants rather large, soft, yellowish green to olive green, brownish green when old, in loose interwoven mats. Stems up to 5 cm long, often irregularly pinnately branched; branches 5–8 mm long; central strand differentiated; paraphyllia absent. Stem leaves different from the branch leaves; stem leaves mostly crisped when dry, erect-spreading when moist, ovate to ovate-triangular from a wide base toward a narrow acumen; leaf margins serrate, revolute above the leaf middle; costa percurrent or slightly excurrent, smooth on back; median leaf cells oval to rounded quadrate, 6–12 µm × 5–6 µm, grossly papillose; apical leaf cells oblong-ovate to oblong rhomboidal; branch leaves about 1/2 the stem leaf length. Dioicous. Dwarf male plants growing on the leaves of female plants. Perichaetial leaves narrowly elongate-lanceolate, suddenly narrowed into a setulose apex, margins serrate above; costa weak and short. Setae reddish brown, about 1.0–1.5 cm long, minutely papillose; capsules cylindrical; opercula long beaked; peristome double; exostome teeth lanceolate, striate at lower portion, finely papillose above; endostome segments nearly as long as the exostome teeth; basal membrane about 2/5 the height of segments; cilia mostly 2. Spores ca. 12–17 µm in diameter, finely papillose.


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