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Published In: Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien I(3): 1048. 1908. (Nat. Pflanzenfam.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 4/2/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
Illustrations: Ctenidium lychnites (Mitt.) Broth. (Figs. 1–18.)
Map: Ctenidium lychnites (Mitt.) Broth. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
Habitat: on soil in forests; alt. 200–1800 m.
Distribution: China, India, and Sri Lanka.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Fujian: Nan-ping Co., C. Gao & Z.-W. Ao 25364, 25384, 25408, 25414 (all in IFSBH); Mt. Wuyi, Training Class 468, 912 (both in YUKU); Ning-de Co., J. Zhu 107, 203, 276, 372, 609, 681 (all in HSNU). Yunnan: Da-guan Co., X.-J. Li 4324 (HKAS); Meng-hai Co., Redfearn 34198 (MO). Zhejiang: Wu-yan-ling, R.-L. Zhu s.n. (HSNU).

Notes     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
general taxon notes:


This species is characterized by the irregularly branched stems, slightly falcate stem leaves that are narrowed and less decurrent at base, and the leaf cells more or less prorate.


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6. Ctenidium lychnites (Mitt.) Broth.   弯叶梳藓   wan ye shu xian
Nat. Pflanzenfam. I(3): 1048. 1908. Hyocomium lychnites (Mitt.) Mitt., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot., ser. 2, 3: 177. 1899. Hypnum lychnites (Mitt.) C. Müll., Linnaea 36: 8. 1869. Stereodon lychnites Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 1: 114. 1859. Type: Sri Lanka. Horton Plains, Gardner 1025.
Plants medium-sized to large, yellowish green, sometimes brownish. Stems prostrate, ca. 3 cm long, subpinnately and densely branched, branches ca. 6 mm long; pseudoparaphyllia triangular. Stem leaves erect to patent, not or slightly falcate, ovate- or triangular-lanceolate, 1.6–1.9 mm × 0.7–0.8 mm, slenderly acuminate, cordate at base, slightly decurrent and plicate; margins slightly recurved, sometimes rugose, serrulate; costae double, ca. 1/4 the leaf length; median leaf cells narrowly rhomboidal, 40–50 µm × 3–4 µm, sometimes prorate, thick-walled; alar cells differentiated, shortly rectangular or elliptic, thick-walled; branch leaves slightly flattened and falcate, 1.2–1.4 mm × 3–5 mm, ovate-lanceolate, slenderly acuminate. Dioicous. Inner perichaetial leaves erect, reflexed above, ovate- or triangular-lanceolate, rarely plicate, serrulate above, costae double, ca. 1/4 the leaf length or indistinct. Setae ca. 2.5 cm long, reddish yellow, smooth; capsules suberect, horizontal, ovoid, ellipsoid, 1.5–2.3 mm × 0.9–1.3 mm, slightly curved; opercula shortly rostrate. Spores 10–15 µm in diameter.


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