1. Hylocomiastrum himalayanum (Mitt.) Broth. 喜马拉雅星塔藓 xi ma la ya xing ta xian
Nat. Pflanzenfam. (ed. 2), 11: 486. 1925. Hylocomium himalayanum (Mitt.) Jaeg., Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1877–78: 348. 1880. Stereodon himalayanum Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 2: 113. 1859. Type: the Himalayas.
Plants usually dull-green, slightly glossy. Secondary stems red, somewhat thick, 2–3-pinnately branched; central strand present; paraphyllia short, usually with short cells; pseudoparaphyllia small, foliose, with irregularly forked dentation; branches slightly slender, with attenuate terminals, erect-spreading, usually forming a sympodial growth pattern, ca. 15 cm. Stem leaves and branch leaves somewhat differentiated; leaves cordate, branch leaves smaller, sometimes broadly ovate-lanceolate, plicate; margins often toothed, with multi-cells; costa single, strong, extending half the leaf length; laminal cells irregularly linear, prorate; basal cells gradually becoming shorter and wider, pitted. Inner perichaetial leaves ovate-lanceolate, ecostate, not plicate. Capsules ovoid, sometimes with apophyses, erect-spreading to horizontal; opercula conic, shortly rostrate. Spores 9–16 µm in diameter.