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Published In: Schriften der Königlichen Physikalisch-Ökonomischen Gesellschaft zu Königsberg 13(1): 4. 1872. (Schriften Königl. Phys.-Ökon. Ges. Königsberg) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/4/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 3/6/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 3/6/2009)
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Illustrations: C. Gao (ed.) 1994 (Pl. 5, figs. 1–5).

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Map: Sphagnum fuscum (Schimp.) H. Klinggr. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 3/6/2009)

 Habitat: growing in compact hummocks in peatland or on shaded, wet ground under forests.

Distribution: China, Japan, Russian Far East, Europe, and North America.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 3/6/2009)
Specimens Examined:


Chinese specimens examined: Heilongjiang: Xiao Xing An Ling (Lesser Khingan Mt.), C. Gao 1052 (IFSBH, KUN, MO), 13022 (IFSBH, MO). Nei Mongol: Mangui, K.-Y. Zhao s.n. Sept. 30, 1987 (IFSBH, MO).


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12. Sphagnum fuscum (Schimp.) Klinggr.   锈色泥炭藓 xiu-se ni-tan xian
Schriften Königl. Phys.-Ökon Ges. Köningsberg 13(1): 4. 1872. Sphagnum acutifolium Schrad. var. fuscum Schimp., Mém. Acad. Sci. Sav. Inst. Fr. 15: 64. 1857. S. acutifolium ssp. fuscum (Schimp.) Herib., Mém. Acad. Sci. Clermont-ferrand, sér. 2, 14: 444. 1899. Type. Europe.
Plants slender, up to 12 cm high, dark green tinged with brownish color, in compact tufts. Stem cortex in 3–4 layers, hyaline cells thin-walled, without fibrils; central cylinder brownish green or yellowish. Stem leaves 0.8–1.2 mm × 0.5–0.8 mm, slightly larger than or equal to branch leaves, oblong-ligulate, flat, with obtuse, entire or lacerate apex, borders narrow above the middle, suddenly widened below (ca. 1/4 the leaf width at base); hyaline cells divided, generally without fibrils. Branches in fascicles of 3–4, with 2 spreading. Branch leaves 0.8–1.3 mm × 0.4–0.5 mm, ovate-lanceolate, gradually narrowed to a blunt, dentate apex, borders narrowly differentiated, entire, involute above; hyaline cells fibrillose, with several rather large, ringed pores nearly along commissure on the dorsal surface, in the upper cells without pores on the ventral surface, with a few large pores below the middle parts of leaves; green cells often triangular or sometimes trapezoidal, exposed on the ventral surface, enclosed by hyaline cells on the dorsal surface. Dioicous; antheridial branches similar to vegetative branches, yellowish brown. Perigonial leaves small, broadly ovate. Perichaetial leaves large, broadly elliptic. Spores yellowish, smooth, 25–30 µm in diameter.


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