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!Sphagnum fuscum (Schimp.) H. Klinggr. Search in The Plant ListSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical Garden Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Schriften der Königlichen Physikalisch-Ökonomischen Gesellschaft zu Königsberg 13(1): 4. 1872. (Schriften Königl. Phys.-Ökon. Ges. Königsberg) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/4/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 3/6/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 3/6/2009)
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Illustrations: C. Gao (ed.) 1994 (Pl. 5, figs. 1–5).

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Map: Sphagnum fuscum (Schimp.) H. Klinggr. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 3/6/2009)
Distribution:

 Habitat: growing in compact hummocks in peatland or on shaded, wet ground under forests.

Distribution: China, Japan, Russian Far East, Europe, and North America.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 3/6/2009)
Specimens Examined:

 

Chinese specimens examined: Heilongjiang: Xiao Xing An Ling (Lesser Khingan Mt.), C. Gao 1052 (IFSBH, KUN, MO), 13022 (IFSBH, MO). Nei Mongol: Mangui, K.-Y. Zhao s.n. Sept. 30, 1987 (IFSBH, MO).

 

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12. Sphagnum fuscum (Schimp.) Klinggr.   锈色泥炭藓 xiu-se ni-tan xian
Schriften Königl. Phys.-Ökon Ges. Köningsberg 13(1): 4. 1872. Sphagnum acutifolium Schrad. var. fuscum Schimp., Mém. Acad. Sci. Sav. Inst. Fr. 15: 64. 1857. S. acutifolium ssp. fuscum (Schimp.) Herib., Mém. Acad. Sci. Clermont-ferrand, sér. 2, 14: 444. 1899. Type. Europe.
  
Plants slender, up to 12 cm high, dark green tinged with brownish color, in compact tufts. Stem cortex in 3–4 layers, hyaline cells thin-walled, without fibrils; central cylinder brownish green or yellowish. Stem leaves 0.8–1.2 mm × 0.5–0.8 mm, slightly larger than or equal to branch leaves, oblong-ligulate, flat, with obtuse, entire or lacerate apex, borders narrow above the middle, suddenly widened below (ca. 1/4 the leaf width at base); hyaline cells divided, generally without fibrils. Branches in fascicles of 3–4, with 2 spreading. Branch leaves 0.8–1.3 mm × 0.4–0.5 mm, ovate-lanceolate, gradually narrowed to a blunt, dentate apex, borders narrowly differentiated, entire, involute above; hyaline cells fibrillose, with several rather large, ringed pores nearly along commissure on the dorsal surface, in the upper cells without pores on the ventral surface, with a few large pores below the middle parts of leaves; green cells often triangular or sometimes trapezoidal, exposed on the ventral surface, enclosed by hyaline cells on the dorsal surface. Dioicous; antheridial branches similar to vegetative branches, yellowish brown. Perigonial leaves small, broadly ovate. Perichaetial leaves large, broadly elliptic. Spores yellowish, smooth, 25–30 µm in diameter.
 
 


 

 
 
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