8. Polytrichastrum xanthopilum (Wils. ex Mitt.) G. L. Smith 黄尖拟金发藓 huang jian ni jin fa xian
Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 21(3): 35. 1971. Polytrichum xanthopilum Wils. ex Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 2: 156. 1859. Type: Sikkim. Hooker s.n.
Polytrichum tibetanum C. Gao in C. Gao & G.-C. Zhang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 17: 117. f. 2. 1979. Type: China. Xizang, Cuo-na Co., Inst. Bot. Ecol. Dept. Xizang Team M 7441 (holotype IFSBH).
Plants medium-sized, usually 3–5 cm high. Stems erect, simple or branched, in scattered or gregarious tufts. Leaves densely crowded and clasping on upper stems, erect when dry, erect-spreading when moist; basal leaves scale-like; upper leaves 5–10 mm long, lanceolate, slightly sheathing at base; ventral lamellae in 20–50 rows, 4–7 cells high, apical cells of the lamellae pyriform, yellowish, with large lumen; costa narrow, spinose on back above; leaf margins serrate; median leaf cells rounded ovate or nearly quadrate, thick-walled. Dioicous. Perigonia in rosettes, perigonial leaves short. Perichaetial leaves similar to the stem leaves, usually sheathing at base. Setae slender, 3–4 cm long; capsules erect or slightly inclined, 4.0–5.5 mm long, 4–6 obtusely keeled, apophyses distinct; exothecial cells thick-walled; stomata at base of urns; opercula beaked, deciduous; annuli differentiated; peristome teeth usually 64; membrane thin. Calyptrae cucullate, densely covered by golden hairs. Spores spherical or rounded ovoid, 11–13 µm in diameter, verrucose.