8. Mnium stellare Hedw. 硬叶提灯藓 ying ye ti deng xian
Sp. Musc. Frond. 191. pl. 45. 1801. Stellariomnium stellare (Hedw.) Bowers, Lindbergia 6: 17. 1980. Type: Europe.
Mnium niponi-stellare C. Müll. ex Kab., Hedwigia 76: 20. 1936, nom nud.
Plants medium-sized, dark green, in loose or dense tufts. Stems erect, 1.2–2.5 cm high, simple or rarely branched, somewhat radiculose below. Leaves distant, obovate or elliptical, 1.8–3.0 mm × 0.8–1.4 mm, abruptly acute or rarely gradually acute at apex, narrowed at base; margins not bordered, sparsely single-toothed above the mid-leaf; costae ending well below the apex, smooth at back; leaf cells irregularly hexagonal to rounded, 20–30 µm wide, slightly thickened at corners. Dioicous. Setae solitary, 2–3 cm long, reddish yellow; capsules elongate-ovoid, horizontal to pendulous; opercula conic, bluntly apiculate.