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Published In: Species Muscorum Frondosorum 56. 1801. (Sp. Musc. Frond.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)
Illustrations: Splachnum rubrum Hedw. (Figs. 12–16.)
Map: Splachnum rubrum Hedw. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)
Habitat: on animal droppings in conifer forests.
Distribution: China, Northern Asia, Europe, and North America.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 5/4/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Nei Mongol: Da Xing An Ling (Greater Khingan Mt.), near Tu-li River, Z.-W. Ao 1561 (IFSBH).


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3. Splachnum rubrum Hedw.   红壶藓   hong hu xian
Sp. Musc. Frond. 56. 1801. Type. Lapland.
Plants small, 1.0–1.5 cm high, soft, bright green to yellowish green, in dense tufts. Stems erect, usually simple or branched at base, densely with rhizoids at base. Leaves sparse, smaller below, larger above, 5–7 mm long, obovate, long-acuminate; margins entire below, irregularly serrate above; costa percurrent or shortly excurrent; upper leaf cells hexagonal, lax, thin-walled; lower cells narrowly rectangular. Dioicous. Male plants budlike. Setae slender, 5–15 cm long, orange-yellow; capsules with short-cylindrical urns, brownish or light brownish, ca. 1.5 mm long, apophyses skirtlike, bright reddish, smooth; opercula hemispheric; annuli none; peristome teeth united in pairs, inserted below the mouth, brownish, minutely papillose. Calpytrae not seen. Spores spherical, 11–13 µm in diameter.
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