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Published In: Taxon 8: 75. 1959. (Taxon) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/10/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 3/10/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 3/10/2009)
Related Objects:
Illustrations: C. Gao (ed.) 1994 (Pl. 91, figs. 6–12).
Click here for distribution map.
Map: Symblepharis vaginata (Hook.) Wijk & Margad. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 3/10/2009)
Habitat: on rotten wood, bases of trees, or rocks.
Distribution: China, India, Korea, Japan, Russia, Europe, North, Central and South America.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 3/10/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Fujian: Wuyi Shan (Mt.), P.-J. Lin 3031 (IBSC, IFSBH). Guangxi: Xing-an Co., C. Gao & G.-C. Zhang 1284 (IFSBH). Hebei: Xing-long Co., J.-X. Ji 913 (IFSBH). Heilongjiang: Hai-lin Co., C. Gao & G.-C. Zhang 9127 (IFSBH); Da Xing An Ling (Greater Khingan Mt.), C. Gao 13061 (IFSBH). Jilin: An-tu Co., C. Gao 1146 (IFSBH); Chang-bai Shan (Mt.), C. Gao 22195 (MO, as Symblepharis helicophylla). Liaoning: Heng-ren Co., G.-C. Zhang 3892 (IFSBH). Sichuan: Ba-tang Co., S. He 31310 (MO, PE); Liang Shan (Mt.), G.-C. Zhang & T. Cao 21497 (MO); Ma-er-kang Co., S. He 31126 (MO, PE); Mu-li Co., C. Gao20635, 20908 (IFSBH); Ya-an Co., C. Gao et al. 17384 (IFSBH); Ya-jiang Co., S. He 32013 (MO). Xizang: Bo-mi Co., Y.-G. Su 948 (IFSBH, KUN); Cuo-na Co., S.-K. Chen 5159 (IFSBH, KUN); Ji-long Co., S.-K. Chen 327 (IFSBH, KUN); Lang-xian Co., M. Zang 1790 (IFSBH, KUN); Lin-zhi Co., S.-K. Chen 342 (IFSBH, KUN); Mi-lin Co., M. Zang 1947 (IFSBH, KUN); Mo-tuo Co., K.-Y. Lang 430p (MO), Y.-G. Su 4922 (KUN); Ya-dong Co., M. Zang 199 (IFSBH, KUN). Yunnan: Da-li Co., Redfearn et al. 1139 (MO); Li-jiang Co., W.-X. Xu 0744 (IFSBH, YUKU); Lu-quan Co., W.-M. Zhu & J.-L. Wu 64065 (IFSBH, YUKU); Yang-bi Co., Redfearn et al. 909 (MO); Yulong Snow Mt. (Jade Dragon Snow Mt.), Croat 77630, 77639 (MO), W.-X. Xu 1039 (IFSBH, YUKU).


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3. Symblepharis vaginata (Hook.) Wijk & Marg.   ºÏ ½Þ Þº he-jie xian
Taxon 8: 75. 1959. Didymodon vaginatus Hook., Icon. Pl. Rar. 1: 18. 1836. Type. Nepal: Wallich 7571.
Symblepharis asiatica Besch., Rev. Bryol. 18: 88. 1891. Type. China: Yunnan, between Hokin and Tali, Delavay 4875 (holotype PC).
Symblepharis helicophylla Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 2, 8: 252. 1837.
Symblepharis himalayana (Mitt.) C. Müll., Gen. Musc. Frond. 315. 1900. Leptotrichum himalayana Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot., Suppl. 1: 12. 1859.
Symblepharis hookeri Wils., Hooker’s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 9: 292. 1857, nom. illeg. incl. spec. prior.
Plants medium-sized to moderately large, 2–4(–5) cm high, yellowish green or brownish green, in dense tufts. Stems erect, usually branched above, densely radiculose below. Leaves up to 8 mm long, crispate when dry, erect-spreading to strongly squarrose when moist, linear-lanceolate from an erect, obovate, strongly clasping base, abruptly narrowed to a widely spreading, channeled acumen, upper portion usually 4–5 times as long as the sheathing base; margins plane, only serrulate near the apex; costa slender, percurrent to shortly excurrent; upper cells quadrate to short-rectangular, 6–8 µm wide, thick-walled; basal cells at the sheathing base, elongate-rectangular to linear, 80–120 µm × 9–12 µm, rather thick-walled, not porose, clear, smooth; alar cells not differentiated. Autoicous. Perichaetial leaves similar to the upper stem leaves, with a longer clasping base. Setae usually clustered, 2–4 per perichaetium, straight, ca. 10 mm long; capsules cylindric, 2–3 mm long, erect, symmetric or nearly so, smooth, not strumose, stomata present; opercula rostrate, much shorter than the urns; annuli none; peristome teeth reddish, linear-lanceolate, inserted below the mouth, divided well below the middle, vertically striate and strongly papillose. Spores ca. 25(–30) µm in diameter, nearly smooth.


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