2. Syrrhopodon armatus Mitt. 鞘刺网藓 qiao-ci wang xian
J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 7: 151. 1863. Syntypes. Africa: Bagroo River, Mann s.n. (BR, NY); Nunn, Mann s.n. (NY).
Plants small, appearing hispid, gregarious or in low dense sods. Stems very short, forked; rhizoids glossy dark-red. Leaves mostly tightly curled-contorted, involute when dry, often secund, involute, ascending when wet, sometimes cucullate at tips, oblong-linear above slightly broader base, 1.5–3.0 mm long, axillary hairs obscure; costa usually spinose abaxially and adaxially, sometimes remarkably so; cells of upper laminae isodiametric to short-rectangular, unipapillose abaxially and adaxially, papillae often tall and conspicuous; margins somewhat involute distally, bordered all around with hyaline cells, border sometimes weak and incomplete in distal part of leaf, bearing delicate hyaline cilia at shoulders, cilia sometimes weak and reduced to teeth; cancellinae narrow, acute or narrowly rounded distally. Gemmae frequent, on adaxial surface of costa at leaf tip. Sporophytes not seen.