5. Syrrhopodon gardneri (Hook.) Schwaegr. 网藓 wang xian
Sp. Musc. Frond., Suppl. 2, 1: 110. 1824. Calymperes gardneri Hook., Musci. Exot. 2: 146. 1819. Type. Nepal: Gardner, comm., Wallich s.n. (holotype BM).
Plants medium-sized, to 3 cm high, dark green, in thin sods or gregarious. Stems evident; rhizoids dark red, often conspicuous and clothing proximal portion of stems. Leaves closely curled or only slightly contorted when dry, spreading when wet, linear above broader base, 3–5 mm long, axillary hairs inconspicuous; cells of upper laminae isodiametric to rectangular, pluripapillose abaxially, bulging-pluripapillose adaxially; margins of upper laminae thickened and coarsely toothed in two rows, margins of lower laminae coarsely toothed with at least some of the teeth spreading-divaricate; cancellinae ending in acute angles distally, their distal cells sharply demarcated from adjacent green cells of upper laminae. Gemmae frequent, on adaxial tip of costa. Sporophytes not seen.