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Published In: Die Musci der Flora von Buitenzorg 3: 1266. 1923. (Musci Buitenzorg) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 4/2/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 4/2/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 4/2/2009)
Related Objects:
Illustrations: Gangulee 1980, fig. 958.

Click here for distribution map.

Map: Sematophyllum phoeniceum (Müll. Hal.) M. Fleisch. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 4/2/2009)
Habitat: on rotten logs or tree trunks; alt. 900–1100 m.
Distribution: China, India, Kampuchea, Laos, Vietnam, and Africa.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 4/2/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Fujian: Jiang-le Co., M.-Z. Wang 47402a (PE), Y. Jia 623, 759 (both in PE); Ning-de Co., J. Zhu 1107, 1373 (both in HSNU). Guangdong: B.-J. Lin & Z.-H. Li 210, 223 (both in IBSC); Le-chang Co., B.-H. Liang 95193 (FH, IBSC); Lian-ping Co., B.-J. Lin 444 (IBSC, YUKU), B.-J. Lin 1449 (FH, IBSC). Guangxi: S.-S. Hu 5607 (PE), Rong-shui Co., M.-Z. Wang 46457a (PE), Y. Jia 00035 (PE), X.-L. He H00151 (PE). Guizhou: Nin Tao Shan, Q.-Y. Jiao 558 (FH). Hainan: Chang-jiang Co., B.-J. Lin & L. Zhang 63 (FH, IBSC); Mt. Jianfengling, P.-C. Chen et al. 91 (PE). Hunan: Liu-yang Co., Yue 74 Team 601 (YUKU); Sang-zhi Co., D.-K. Li 18511, 18379 (both in SHM, YUKU); Yi-zhang Co., Yue 74 Team 896, 1025 (both in IBSC,YUKU). Jiangxi: Mt. Guling, H.-H. Chung 4036 (FH), M.-C. Ji 90-680 (JXAN, PE); Mt. Lushan, P.-C. Chen et al. 101 (PE), C.-A. Wang 060018 (PE); Zi-xi Co., M.-C. Ji 12732, 12780, 12893 (all in JXAN). Xizang: Cha-yu Co., S.-G. Wu 1091 (HKAS, YUKU); Mo-tuo Co., Y.-G. Su 2256 (HKAS, YUKU). Yunnan: An-ning Co., Magill et al. 8042 (MO); Jing-hong Co., Redfearn 34291 (MO); Kunming City, Redfearn et al. 1992 (MO); Meng-hai Co., Magill et al. 7905 (MO); Meng-la Co., Redfearn 33884 (MO); Mt. Nangong, X.-Y. Jia 910290 (DNHM, MO); Ping-bian Co., Y. Jia 01657 (PE); Song-ming Co., X.-J. Li 81-8670 (HKAS, YUKU). Zhejiang: Mt. Angshan, P.-C. Wu 3351 (PE); Mt. Jiulong, R.-L. Hu 681 (HSNU, YUKU), R.-L. Hong 131 (YUKU); Sui-chang Co., Z.-L. Liu 1004, 1098 (both in SHM).


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1. Sematophyllum phoeniceum(C. Müll.) Fleisch.   橙色锦藓   cheng se jin xian
Musci Buitenzorg 3: 1266. 1923. Rhaphidostegium phoeniceum Jaeg., Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1877–78: 485. 1880. Hypnum phoeniceum C. Müll., Flora 61: 85. 1878. Type: India. South Andaman.
Plants in tufts, glossy. Main stems prostrate, with erect branches. Leaves erect or slightly obliquely ascending, often narrowly lanceolate, 1.0–1.25 mm long, concave, long acuminate to slender at apex; margins plane or slightly involute, entire or crenulate at apex; leaf cells narrowly rhomboidal to linear, 65–80 mm × 2–4 mm, gradually becoming longer and narrower in middle; alar cells inflated. Monoicous. Perigonial leaves small, narrowly lanceolate. Inner perichaetial leaves ovate-lanceolate, gradually constricted into a long acuminate acumen, nearly entire at margins; paraphyses abundant, stiff. Setae short, less than 7 mm long; capsules ovoid, inclined; opercula slenderly rostrate; exostome teeth lanceolate; endostome segments reduced, filamentous.


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