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Published In: Die Musci der Flora von Buitenzorg 4: 1264. 1923. (Musci Buitenzorg) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 4/2/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
Illustrations: Sematophyllum subhumile (Müll. Hal.) M. Fleisch. (Figs. 1–14.)
Map: Sematophyllum subhumile (Müll. Hal.) M. Fleisch. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
Habitat: mostly on stones or tree trunks; alt. above 400 m.
Distribution: China, Nepal, India, Myanmar, Thailand, and Indonesia.


Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Anhui: Mt. Chiuwa, X.-Z. Sun 281(PE). Fujian: De-hua Co., P.-Z. Zheng 701 (IBSC); Fu-zhou City, H.-H. Chung B221, B228, B110a (all in IBSC, PE), B111 (FH); Jiang-le Co., M.-Z. Wang 47394, 48533 (both in FH, PE), Y. Jia 552 (PE); Mt. Wuyi, B.-J. Lin 2670, 2675 (both in FH, IBSC). Guangdong: Mt. Dinghu, Magill et al. 8085, 8096 (both in MO). Guangxi: Rong-shui Co., X.-L. He H00264 (PE), Y. Jia 00033 (PE). Guizhou: Mt. Fanjing, B. C. Tan 91-682 (FH, MO, PE), Bourell 4664 (MO). Hainan: Chang-jiang Co., Redfearn 35870 (MO), P.-C. Wu 24028, 24072 (both in PE); Le-dong Co., Redfearn 36060 (MO), P.-C. Wu 24298 (PE). Hong Kong: Dapu, M.-L. So s.n. (FH); Saiwan, W.-T. Tsang 29717 (FH). Jiangxi: Zi-xi Co., M.-C. Ji 13121 (JXAN). Sichuan: Du-jiang-yan City, M.-Z. Wang 50068 (PE). Taiwan: Chia-yi Co., S.-H. Lin s.n. (MO); Miao-li Co., Shevock 14344 (CAS, MO); Nan-tou Co., S. He 36539 (MO); Ping-tung Co., Shevock 15046 (CAS, MO); Tai-pei Co., S.-H. Lin s.n. [Bryophytes of Taiwan Exsiccatae ser. 3, no. 145 (MO)]. Xinjiang: Urum-qi Co., S. He 951038, 951060 (both in MO). Yunnan: An-ning Co., Redfearn & M. Zang 333293a (MO); Cang-yuan Co., S.-Y. Zeng 80-1334 (HKAS, YUKU); Da-li Co., Redfearn et al. 1480 (MO); Jiang-cheng Co., M.-Z. Wang 51152b, 51185 (both in PE), Y. Jia 01577, 01583 (both in PE); Jing-hong Co., Magill et al. 7725a, 7927 (both in MO); Meng-hai Co., X.-J. Li 3507 (HKAS, YUKU), Y. Jia 01533, 01550 (both in PE), Redfearn 34181 (MO); Meng-la Co., P.-C. Wu 21859 (PE), J.-X. Luo 86001 (PE), Y. Jia 01235 (PE); Meng-yang, W.-X. Xu 6839 (MO, PE, YUKU); Yang-bi Co., Chang-shan (Mt.), Croat 77493 (MO), Redfearn et al. 557 (MO); Yuan-yang Co., X.-P. Xu & M. Zang 834 (HKAS, YUKU). Zhejiang: Long-quan Co., P.-C. Wu 334h, 344q, 335j (all in PE); Sui-chang Co., R.-L. Hong & Z.-L. Liu 112 (HSNU, YUKU).


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2. Sematophyllum subhumile(C. Müll.) Fleisch.   矮锦藓   ai jin xian
Musci Buitenzorg 4: 1264. 1923. Rhaphidostegium subhumile (C. Müll.) Jaeg., Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1876–77: 397. 1878. Hypnum subhumile C. Müll., Syn. Musc. Frond. 2: 330. 1851. Type: India. Nilgiri Hill, Perrottet s.n.
Meiothecium angustirete Broth., Akad. Wiss. Wien Sitzungsber., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Abt. 1, 131: 220. 1923. Type: China. Hunan, Tschangscha, Yolu-schan (Mt.), Handel-Mazzetti 12684.
Sematophyllum henryi (Par. & Broth.) Broth., Nat. Pflanzenfam. (ed. 2) 11: 431. 1925. Rhaphidostegium henryi Par. & Broth., Rev. Bryol. 36: 12. 1909.
Sematophyllum pulchellum (Card.) Broth., Nat. Pflanzenfam. (ed. 2) 11: 431. 1925. Rhaphidostegium pulchellum Card., Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, ser. 2, 4: 383. 1912.
Sematophyllum subhumile subsp. japonicum (Broth.) Seki, J. Sci. Hiroshima Univ., Ser. B, Div. 2, Bot. 12: 38. 1968. Sematophyllum japonicum(Broth.) Broth., Nat. Pflanzenfam. (ed. 2) 11: 431. 1925. Rhaphidostegium japonicum Broth., Hedwigia 38: 230. 1899.
Plants slender, pale yellowish to brownish, in compact tufts. Main stems prostrate, remotely irregularly branched. Leaves appressed when dry, erect-spreading when moist, oblong ovate-lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate, acuminate at apex, concave, 1.0–1.25 mm long; margins at times reflexed in middle, entire, sometimes serrulate at apex; costae absent; leaf cells elongate-rhomboidal, linear toward leaf apex, 25–55 mm × 3–5 mm, moderately thick- to thick-walled, pitted; alar region consisting of one row of rectangular, somewhat inflated cells, with several rows of quadrate cells above. Monoicous. Perigonial leaves smaller. Inner perichaetial leaves broadly lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, shortly or long acuminate, nearly entire or denticulate at apex. Setae less than 15 mm long; capsules horizontal to pendent, ovoid to ellipsoidal, constricted at mouth when dry; opercula long rostrate.


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