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Published In: Lindbergia 11: 25. 1985. (Lindbergia) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/10/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 3/10/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 3/10/2009)
Related Objects:
Illustrations: C. Gao (ed.) 1994 (Pl. 149, figs. 1–6); Ellis (1985, figs. 10–12).
Click here for distribution map.
Map: Exostratum blumei (Nees ex Hampe) L.T. Ellis (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 3/10/2009)
Habitat: on tree trunks, branches, or soil of exposed roots of living trees.
Distribution: China, Japan, India, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malay Peninsula, Singapore, the Philippines, New Caledonia, Australia, and Africa.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 3/10/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Hainan: Li-shui Co., Redfearn et al. 36221 (MO); Ling-shui Co., P.-J. Lin 2909 (IBSC). Taiwan: Tai-pei Co., S.-H. Lin s.n. [Bryophytes of Taiwan Exsiccatae No. 215] (MO, as Exodictyon sullivantii); Huo-shao Dao (Is.), G. H. Schwabe 122 (NICH).


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1. Exostratum blumii (Nees ex Hampe) L. T. Ellis   拟外网藓 ni wai-wang xian
Lindbergia 11: 25. 1985. Syrrhopodon blumii Nees ex Hampe, Bot. Zeitung. 5: 921. 1874. Leucophanes blumii (Hampe) C. Müll., Syn. Musc. Frond. 2: 537. 1851. Octoblepharum blumii (Hampe) Mitt., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 10: 179. 1868. Exodictyon blumii (Hampe) Fleisch., Musci Frond. Archipelagi Indici, sér. 2, exs. no. 58. 1899. Type. Indonesia: Java, C. L. Blume s.n.
Plants soft, to 1.5 cm high, whitish green, in dense tufts. Stems erect, sparsely branched. Leaves in three obscure ranks, 3–4 mm long, erect to slightly reflexed from the middle leaf, sheathing at base, gradually narrowed to linear-lanceolate subula; costa thick and broad, reaching to the blunt leaf apex, filling almost the entire subula, strongly convex on the abaxial side, slightly concave on the adaxial side, papillose on both sides; basal leaf margins around shoulders often recurved; at shoulders hyaline laminal cells linear, chlorocysts forming cilia, in subula hyaline cells only 1–2 rows on each side of costa or filling the entire costa, superficial chlorocysts strongly conical-mammillate, spinulose projections often to 15–20 µm long, leaf appearing scabrous. Sporophytes not seen, reported to be the same as described under the genus.
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