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Published In: Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory 58: 50. f. 23. 1985. (J. Hattori Bot. Lab.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 4/2/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
Illustrations: Ctenidium andoi N. Nishim. (Figs. 1–16.)
Map: Ctenidium andoi N. Nishim. (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
Habitat: on tree trunks, rotten wood, rocks, or wet soil; alt. 1075–2300 m.
Distribution: China, Japan, Indonesia, the Philippines, and New Guinea.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Anhui: Mt. Huang, D.-K. Li 894 (SHM); Qin-xian Co., W.-Y. Zheng 1186 (HSNU). Guizhou: Jiang-kou Co., Mt. Fanjing, C. Gao & J.-Y. Feng 31611 (IFSBH); Sui-yang Co., C. Gao & J.-Y. Feng 33013, 33029Zhejiang: Mt. Western Tianmu, M. Zang 450 (HKAS). (both in IFSBH). Sichuan: Mt. Omei, S.-M. Yu 619 (HKAS); Tian-quan Co., Mt. Erlang, C. Gao 18041, 18170 (both in IFSBH).

Notes     (Last Modified On 5/6/2009)
general taxon notes:
This species is similar to Ctenidium malacobolum, but differs in having slender plants, narrower leaf bases, weaker serration of leaf margins, less falcate-secund leaves, more strongly prorate leaf cells, and smaller capsules.


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1. Ctenidium andoi Nishimura   柔枝梳藓 rou zhi shu xian
J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 58: 50. f. 23. 1985. Type: the Philippines. Luzon, Merrill 4939.
Plants soft, slender, pale green or yellowish green, in dense mats. Stems prostrate, ca. 2 cm long, irregularly branched, branches curved, flattened, ca. 6 mm long; pseudoparaphyllia broadly triangular, shortly acuminate. Stem leaves erect, slightly falcate, 1.1–1.5 mm × 0.5–0.8 mm, broadly ovate- to ovate-lanceolate, slenderly acuminate, twisted at apex, cordate at base, long decurrent, slightly plicate; margins recurved above, sometimes rugose, serrulate nearly throughout; costae double, ca. 1/5 the leaf length; median leaf cells 50–60 µm × 4–5 µm, prorate, thick-walled; alar cells shortly rectangular or rhombic, thick-walled, excavate alar cells distinctly differentiated, rectangular or elliptic; branch leaves flattened, nearly erect, or falcate-secund, 0.8–0.9 mm × ca. 0.3 mm, narrowly ovate-lanceolate. Dioicous. Inner perichaetial leaves erect, ovate- to triangular-lanceolate, rarely plicate, slenderly acuminate, curved at apex, serrulate at upper margins; costae double, separate at base, ca. 1/4 the leaf length, median cells thick-walled. Setae ca. 2 cm long, reddish brown, mostly smooth; capsules inclined to horizontal, ovoid or ellipsoid, ca. 1.8 mm × 1.0 mm, slightly curved; opercula shortly rostrate. Spores 12 µm in diameter.
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