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Published In: Bryobrothera 1: 285. 1992. (Bryobrothera) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/23/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 5/5/2009)
General Reference:

Illustration & Map     (Last Modified On 5/5/2009)
Illustrations: Symphyodon pygmaeus (Broth.) S. He & Snider (Figs. 12–14.)
Map: Symphyodon pygmaeus (Broth.) S. He & Snider (Distribution in China)

Distribution     (Last Modified On 5/5/2009)
Habitat: on rotten stumps, base of trees or tree trunks and buttresses.
Distribution: China, Nepal, India, Thailand, Madagascar, Réunion, Mozambique, and Hawaii (U.S.A).

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 5/5/2009)
Specimens Examined:
Chinese specimens examined: Hainan: Chang-jiang Co., Reese 17541 (LAF, MO). Yunnan: Jing-hong Co., Magill et al. 7722 (MO), Redfearn et al. 34281 (MO), W.-X. Xu 11035, 11365 (MO); Meng-hai Co., Magill et al. 7868 (MO), Redfearn et al. 34236 (MO); Nan-ru Shan (Mt.), W.-X. Xu 6329 (MO).

Notes     (Last Modified On 5/5/2009)
general taxon notes:
Symphyodon pygmaeus is characterized by its truncate leaf apices and abortive branch tips. Some of the sterile plants of this species have previously been misplaced in Glossadelphus and Homalia.



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3. Symphyodon pygmaeus (Broth.) He & Snider 钝叶刺果藓 dun-ye ci-guo xian
Bryobrothera 1: 285. 1992. Homalia pygmaea Broth., Nat. Pflanzenfam. I(3): 849. 1906. Type: Madagascar: Diego Suarez, Chenagon s.n. (lectotype PC, designated by He & Snider 1992; isolectotypes H, REN).
Plants medium-sized, to 5 cm long, yellowish green to golden green, glossy. Stems bipinnately to tripinnately branched, subcomplanate. Leaves similar in shape, stem leaves smaller than branch leaves, 1.0–1.1 mm × 0.4–0.5 mm, spreading, complanate, oblong-lanceolate to oblong-ovate to lingulate; branch leaves 1.2–1.5 mm × 0.4–0.5 mm; all leaves with apices rounded to truncate, margins coarsely serrate in the upper 2/3, serration formed by a row of enlarged cells (occasionally weakly serrulate at the apex), subentire to serrulate at the base; costae unequal, extending to 1/2 total leaf length; apical leaf cells distinctly shorter than the adjacent cells; median cells linear, 35–50 µm × 3–4 µm, weakly to moderately prorate; alar cells differentiated, subquadrate to shortly rectangular, of 3–5 rows extending 3–4 cells up the margins. Sporophytes not seen.


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