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Published In: Bulletin de l'Académie Internationale de Géographie Botanique 16: 40. 1906. (Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 5/11/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 12/12/2011)
General Reference:

Distribution     (Last Modified On 12/12/2011)

Habitat: on tree trunks; alt. 900–2800 m.

Distribution: China and Japan.

Specimens Examined     (Last Modified On 12/12/2011)
Specimens Examined:


Anhui: Mt. Huangshan, Z.-L. Wan & J.-X. Luo 9026, 9125, 928 (all in MO, PE), P.-C. Chen 6763 (MO, as M. formosae); Qingyang (Ch’ing Yang Hsien) Co., S.-Y. Cheo 1371 (FH, as M. sinense); Jinzhai Co., Z.-M. Zeng T0272 (MO). Chongqing: Nanchuan Co., M.-Z. Wang 860390 (MO, FH, as M. ferriei). Fujian: Fuzhou (Foochow) City, H.-H. Chung B351 (PC); Buong Kang, Yenping, H.-H. Chung B90-b (HPC, as M. syntrichophyllum). Guangdong: Fengshun Co., S. He 40329 (MO); Sha Lo Shan, Y. W. Taam (H). Guangxi: Sanjiang (San Kiang Hsien) Co., S.-Y. Cheo 2754 (MO); Rongshui Co., Z.-Y. Li 89125 (MO), X.-L. He 00546 (MO), M.-Z. Wang 45966, 46522 (both in MO); Guilin (Kweilin) City, W.-T. Tsang 28493 (FH, S). Guizhou: Fanjingshan Nature Reserve, Bourell 4775 (MO), P.-C. Wu 23922-b (MO); Jiangkou Co., C. Gao 32530 (MO), T. Cao 031457, 03723, 031532 (all in SNUH); Pinfa, Rochers, Cavaleriei 667 (PC), Cavalerie 1909 (S), Cavalerie & Fortunati 1696 (PC); Bin-fan, Cavalerie 1931 (PC). Henan: Xixia Co., J.-X. Luo 233 (MO). Hubei: Mt. Shennongjia, P.-C. Wu 195, 197, 393 (all in MO), Sino-Amer. Exped. no. 714D (MO, NY, as M. ferriei). Hunan: Linling & Sinning, Handel-Mazzetti 11308 (H-BR, as M. japonicum); Badagong shan, Virtanen 48779, 48848, 50043, 54371, 55570 (all in H, as M. ferriei), Enroth 58906, 59074, 61343, 64913, 65145 (H, as M. ferriei); Changsha City, Handel-Mazzetti 11451, 11502 (both in H-BR, as M. japonicum); Daweishan, Enroth 63478 (H); Huping shan, Koponen et al 49737, 52208, 53772, 54003 (all in H, as M. ferriei); Mang shan: Koponen et al. 49221, 50951, 51068 (all in H, as M. ferriei); Taoyuandong, Koponen et al. 50913, 55030, 56479 (all in H, as M. ferriei); Shunhuang shan, Enroth 70496, 71034 (all in H, as M. ferriei); Wulingyuan, Koponen et al. 52376, 53065, 58557, 58553 (all in H, as M. ferriei); Yuankou, Koponen et al. 59990, 60019, 60023 (all in H, as M. ferriei); Yunshan, Enroth 70004, 70102 (both in H, as M. ferriei). Jiangsu: Yixing Co., P.-C. Wu & Y.-X. Jin 2143 (MO). Jiangxi: Mt. Lushan, P.-C. Chen 157a, 273 (both in MO, PE), P.-C. Chen 2, 65 (both in MO), P.-C. Wu 002, 003 (both in MO, PE), S.-Y. Cheo 1000 (FH, as M. sinense); Ch’angKo, Kuling, H.-H. Chung 4302 (FH). Sichuan: Wenchuan Co., Allen 6722 (MO); Nanping Co., Allen 7194 (MO); Mt. Omei, P.-C. Chen 5315 (MO). Taiwan: Taichung Co., Shevock 18153 (MO, as M. ferriei); Ilan Co., C-C. Chuang 2024 (NY, as M. comatum). Xizang: Linchih Co., Y.-G. Su 2573 (MO); Meto Co., Y.-G. Su 2324, 4037, 4241, 4436, 4759, 4782 (all in MO). Yunnan: Kunming City, Redfearn et al. 1983 (MO); Yangbi Co., Redfearn 299, 528, 555, 563, 693 (all in MO); Tecgchong Co., Long 32603, 32622 (both in MO); Gongshan Co., Long 33857 (MO). Zhejiang: Deqing Co., P.-C. Wu 1265 (MO); Lin-an Co., P.-C. Wu 1151, 7761 (both in MO, PE); Longquan Co., P.-C. Wu 78 (MO); Linhai Co., P.-C. Wu 678, 682, 810 (all in MO).

Notes     (Last Modified On 12/12/2011)
general taxon notes:

The diagnostic features of M. cavaleriei are: 1) stem leaves suberect to strongly reflexed when moist, oblong-lanceolate to triangular-lanceolate, acuminate at apex; 2) branch leaves linear-lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, mostly acuminate or narrowly acuminate, sometimes broadly acuminate at apt; 3) median and upper laminal cells bulging, thin-walled, hyaline, with 2–4 small papillae per cell or almost smooth; lower laminal cells rectangular, rhomboidal to sublinear, smooth or unipapillose; 4) perichaetial leaves oblong-lanceolate, narrowly acuminate to long acuminate, often aristate at apex; and 5) calyptrae campanulate, hairy.

Macromitrium cavaleriei is closely related to M. ferriei Cardot & Thér. and is probably included within the delimitation of the latter in Japan by Noguchi and Iwatsuki (1989), who considered M. ferriei a highly variable species. The description of M. ferriei by Noguchi clearly includes the circumscription of M. cavaleriei, which is unknown to the Japanese flora. Many specimens previously identified as M. ferriei in China are actually M. cavaleriei.


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Macromitrium cavaleriei Cardot & Thér. in Thér.  密叶蓑藓   mi ye suo xian
Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot.16: 40. 1906. TYPE: China. Kouy Techéou (Guizhou), Nov. 1902, J. Cavalerie 833 (Lectotype, PC).
Macromitrium gebaueri Broth., Symb. Sin. 4: 72. pl. 1 f. 10. 1929. TYPE: China. Yunnan, An Bäumen in der wtp. St. des Schweli-Salween-Scheidegebirge, alt. 2000–2800 m, 1914, Gebauer s.n. (Holotype, H-BR).
Macromitrium sinense E. B. Bartram, Ann. Bryol. 8: 13. f. 7. 1936. TYPE: China. Kweichow Prov. (Guizhou), Fan Ching Shan, alt. 2250 m, on bark of tree, 7 Sep. 1931, S.-Y. Cheo 430 (Lectotype, PC).
Macromitrium syntrichophyllum Thér. & P. de la Varde, Rev. Bot. Bull. Mens. 30: 347. 1918. TYPE: China. Leoufang, alt. 900 m, Oct. 1910, Courtois 332 (syntypes, PC, BM-) – Tchan kia po (prov. Nagan hoi), Oct. 1910, Courtois 335 (syntype, not seen).
Macromitrium syntrichophyllum var. longisetum Thér. & Reimers, Hedwigia 71: 55. 1931. Type: China. Prov. Kwangsi (Guangxi), Yao-shan, alt. 2000 m., 5 Jan. 1929, S. S. Sin 2075 (Holotype, PC).
Plants medium-sized, brownish green, dark brown below, yellowish green to dark green above, in dense mats. Stems creeping, with erect branches, 5–25 mm long, densely foliate, often with several short branchlets at upper part of branches. Stem leaves suberect to strongly reflexed when moist, oblong-lanceolate to triangular-lanceolate, 0.6–1.4 × 0.2–0.3 mm, acuminate at apex; upper and median laminal cells subquadrate or rounded quadrate, 8.0–10.0 μm wide, bulging, smooth or slightly papillose; lower laminal cells slightly elongate; basal laminal cells rectangular, 20.0–30.0 × 4.0–6.0 μm, moderately thick-walled. Branch leaves strongly crisped, somewhat contorted, sometimes with upper portion strongly involute when dry, widely spreading, occasionally squarrose-recurved when moist, linear-lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, (1.5–)2.5–4.2 × 0.25–0.50 mm, mostly acuminate or narrowly acuminate, sometimes broadly acuminate, often keeled, incurved at apex, revolute at one side of margin near the base, plane or slightly plicate to plicate, occasionally with short, oblong-lanceolate leaves, more or less obtuse at apex; leaves of secondary branches becoming smaller toward the base; margins entire, sometimes finely or indistinct serrulate in the upper part due to extruding papillae; costae single, yellowish brown, ending a few cells below the apex, occasionally percurrent or shortly excurrent; median and upper laminal cells quadrate to subquadrate, 8.0–12.0 × 8.0–10.0 μm, slightly to moderately bulging, thin-walled, hyaline or slightly obscure, often with 2–4 small, low papillae per cell, occasionally almost smooth; lower laminal cells rhomboidal, rectangular to sublinear, 15.0–30.0 × 4.0–6.0 μm, nearly hyaline, somewhat thick-walled, smooth or unipapillose; basal laminal cells near margins at one side often differentiated, regularly rectangular, pellucid with thinner walls, occasionally basal juxtacostal cells irregularly rectangular, thin-walled, pellucid. Sporophytes subterminal on branches. Inner perichaetial leaves oblong-lanceolate, often plicate in basal part, to 2.5 mm long, narrowly acuminate to long acuminate or aristate at apex; costae excurrent; laminal cells mostly longer than wide, hyaline, smooth, sometimes unipapillose in median and upper portions. Setae (2–)4.0–5.0(–10.0) mm long, smooth, purple or brown, twisted to straight. Capsules erect, ovoid, oblong-ovoid to shortly cylindrical, 1.4–1.8 × 0.7–0.9 mm, slightly constricted at mouth when old; annuli weakly differentiated, with a row of purplish, smaller exothecial cells surrounding the mouth; opercula conic-rostrate, 0.7–0.8 mm long; exostome teeth lanceolate, with obtuse apices, up to 120 μm long, densely papillose throughout. Calyptrae campanulate, medium-sized, with numerous yellowish or yellowish brown hairs. Spores minutely papillose, 15–30 μm in diameter.




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