Flora of Southern Africa
Ecology and distribution Trop. Afr. Biology : Shrub or tree with spreading crown and drooping branches, 2-3-6-13 m tall, armed; thorns curved; trunk to 25 cm Ø; bark grey, very deeply furrowed or fissured; branchlets densely rusty pubescent to tomentose, zig-zag;[?] see more in the book Ecology : Savanna on various soils incl. sands; Combretum, Terminalia and Acacia woodland; wooded bushland; mixed wood and thickets along rivers; margins of primitive woods; Loudetia arundinacea grassland with scattered trees of Terminalia laxiflora[?] Very variable. 400-2200 m alt. Sometimes cultivated (live hedge).